A. Mushfiq Mobarak

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We estimate the development effects of electrification across Brazil over the period 1960-2000. Brazil relies predominantly on hydropower, the generation of which requires intercepting water at high velocity. We simulate a time series of hypothetical electricity grids for Brazil for the period 1960-2000 that show how the grid would have evolved had(More)
Biomass combustion with traditional cookstoves causes substantial environmental and health harm. Nontraditional cookstove technologies can be efficacious in reducing this adverse impact, but they are adopted and used at puzzlingly low rates. This study analyzes the determinants of low demand for nontraditional cookstoves in rural Bangladesh by using both(More)
This paper uses a wealth shock from the construction of a flood protection embankment in rural Bangladesh coupled with data on the universe of all 52,000 marriage decisions between 1982 and 1996 to examine changes in marital prospects for households protected by the embankment relative to unprotected households living on the other side of the river. We use(More)
Poor sanitation contributes to morbidity and mortality in the developing world, but there is disagreement on what policies can increase sanitation coverage. To measure the effects of alternative policies on investment in hygienic latrines, we assigned 380 communities in rural Bangladesh to different marketing treatments-community motivation and information;(More)
1 Although there is a growing consensus that extreme or ultrapoverty is an important and difficult problem requiring novel intervention strategies, the concept of “ultrapoverty” remains unsettled. There are different definitions in the literature: Lipton ð1986Þ defines ultrapoverty in terms of a calorie intake threshold ða person is ultrapoor if he or she(More)
We examine the effect of political decentralization on pollution spillovers across jurisdictional boundaries. Upstream water use has spillover effects on downstream jurisdictions, and greater decentralization (i.e. a larger number of political jurisdictions managing the same river) may exacerbate these spillovers, as upstream communities have fewer(More)
Large literatures in economics and political science examine democracy's impact on health, education, and other development indicators, but the political economy of electricity allocation has been ignored in previous work. Politicians determine electricity consumption patterns through state ownership and regulation (e.g. price subsidies). This study uses(More)