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Manipulation of electron dynamics calls for electromagnetic forces that can be confined to and controlled over sub-femtosecond time intervals. Tailored transients of light fields can provide these forces. We report on the generation of subcycle field transients spanning the infrared, visible, and ultraviolet frequency regimes with a 1.5-octave three-channel(More)
Ultimate control over light entails the capability of crafting its field waveform. Here, we detail the technological advances that have recently permitted the synthesis of light transients confinable to less than a single oscillation of its carrier wave and the precise attosecond tailoring of their fields. Our work opens the door to light field based(More)
Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) high-harmonic radiation emerging from laser-driven atoms, molecules or plasmas underlies powerful attosecond spectroscopy techniques and provides insight into fundamental structural and dynamic properties of matter. The advancement of these spectroscopy techniques to study strong-field electron dynamics in condensed matter calls(More)
The time it takes a bound electron to respond to the electromagnetic force of light sets a fundamental speed limit on the dynamic control of matter and electromagnetic signal processing. Time-integrated measurements of the nonlinear refractive index of matter indicate that the nonlinear response of bound electrons to optical fields is not instantaneous;(More)
We explore theoretically and numerically the temporal contrast limitation of a self-referenced spectral interferometry measurement. An experimental confirmation is given by characterization and fine compression of hollow-core fiber generated sub-15 fs pulses, yielding an accurately measured coherent contrast of 50 dB on a ±400 fs time range.
The dynamic response of excitons in solids is central to modern condensed-phase physics, material sciences, and photonic technologies. However, study and control have hitherto been limited to photon energies lower than the fundamental band gap. Here we report application of attosecond soft x-ray and attosecond optical pulses to study the dynamics of(More)
We theoretically explored the feasibility of high-harmonic generation in the kiloelectronvolt spectral range by optical waveforms of durations progressively shortened from multicycle to subcycle. Our study revealed that subcycle optical pulses offer a clear advantage in generating isolated x-ray attosecond pulses. In combination with their sub-fs optical(More)
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