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BACKGROUND Humanistic attitudes are essential in physicians and therefore supporting them is a key component in graduate medical education (GME). The importance of a physician's attitude toward people with disability is especially relevant within the rehabilitation discipline, as prevailing attitudes and misconceptions can be potential barriers to(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid prescription for pain relief is increasing. Codeine is the dominating opioid in several European countries, with Norway being among the highest codeine users. AIM To determine whether codeine is primarily used for acute pain or whether there is a prescription pattern indicating problematic opioid use. METHODS All pharmacies in Norway(More)
Over the past several decades numerous researchers have revisited the model of the biomechanics of the hip first predicated by John Koch in 1917. The contributions of Blount (1956), Frankel (1960), Pauwels (1976), Toridis (1969), Rybicki (1972), Fetto (1994, 1995), Ling (1996), and Lu (1997, 1998) among others created a more complete picture. The present(More)
UNLABELLED This self-directed learning module highlights diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities and complications encountered by patients with stroke. It is part of the study guide on stroke and neurodegenerative disorders in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article(More)
UNLABELLED This self-directed learning module highlights several movement disorders. These include dystonia, chorea, tremors, and myoclonus. A description of the clinical presentation and associated disease processes is presented. Although the discussion on treatment focuses on pharmacologic intervention, surgical options are presented when appropriate.(More)
UNLABELLED This self-directed learning module highlights common rehabilitation issues in stroke survivors. Topics include spasticity, constraint-induced movement therapy, partial body weight-supported treadmill training, virtual reality training, vestibular retraining, aphasia treatment, and cognitive retraining. It is part of the study chapter on stroke(More)
Background. There is no agreement among researchers on viable controls for acupuncture treatment, and the assessment of the effectiveness of blinding and its interpretation is rare. Purpose. To systematically assess the effectiveness of blinding (EOB) in reported acupuncture trials; to explore results of RCTs using a quantitative measure of EOB. Data(More)
UNLABELLED This self-directed learning module highlights diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation issues in patients with neurodegenerative disorders, including multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It is part of the study guide on stroke and neurodegenerative disorders in the Self-Directed Physiatric(More)
The assessment of blinding in RCTs is rarely performed. Currently most studies that do report data on evaluation of blinding merely report percentages of correct guessing, not taking into account correct guessing by chance. Blinding assessment using the blinding index (BI) has never been performed in a systematic review on studies of major psychiatric(More)