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A unidirectional optical oscillator is built by using a liquid crystal light valve that couples a pump beam with the modes of a nearly spherical cavity. For sufficiently high pump intensity, the cavity field presents complex spatiotemporal dynamics, accompanied by the emission of extreme waves and large deviations from the Gaussian statistics. We identify a(More)
Rogue waves is the name given by oceanographers to isolated large amplitude waves, that occur more frequently than expected for normal, Gaussian distributed, statistical events. Rogue waves are ubiquitous in nature and appear in a variety of different contexts. Besides water waves, they have been recently reported in liquid Helium, in nonlinear optics,(More)
A network of coupled chaotic oscillators can switch spontaneously to a state of collective synchronization at some critical coupling strength. We show that for a locally coupled network of units with coexisting quiescence and chaotic spiking states, set slightly below the critical coupling value, the collective excitable or bistable states of(More)
We study the properties of a homoclinic model of neuron by introducing a suitable one-dimensional map. We show that the system is characterized by a response time to external signals which is a decreasing function of the signal strength, in contrast to excitable models whose response time is signal-independent. In a one-dimensional array of these systems(More)
In the presence of many waves, giant events can occur with a probability higher than expected for random dynamics. By studying linear light propagation in a glass fiber, we show that optical rogue waves originate from two key ingredients: granularity, or a minimal size of the light speckles at the fiber exit, and inhomogeneity, that is, speckles clustering(More)
We provide a general condition for the occurrence of a sudden transition to synchronization in an array of oscillators mutually coupled via the nearest neighbors. At the onset of synchronization a specific constraint must be fulfilled: precisely, the response time of a single system to signals from the adjacent sites must be smaller than the refractory(More)
We consider a Bose-Einstein condensate of 7 Li in a situation where the density undergoes a symmetry breaking in real space. This occurs for a suitable number of condensed atoms in a double-well potential, obtained by adding a standing-wave light field to the trap potential. Evidence of bistability results from the solution of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation.(More)
A unidirectional optical oscillator consists of an optical amplifier whose outgoing field is reinjected into the incoming one by means of a ring cavity. We used recently a liquid crystal light valve as optical amplifier and reported experimental evidence of cavity field oscillations. The light-valve provides a high gain and a wide transverse size,(More)
A nonlinear optical medium results by the collective orientation of liquid crystal molecules tightly coupled to a transparent photoconductive layer. We show that such a medium can give a large gain; thus, if inserted in a ring cavity, it results in an unidirectional optical oscillator. We report new dynamical regimes characterized by the generation of(More)
In quantum physics, the density operator completely describes the state. Instead, in classical physics the mean value of physical quantities is evaluated by means of a probability distribution. We study the possibility to describe pure quantum states and events with classical probability distributions and conditional probabilities and prove that the(More)