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We study the properties of a homoclinic model of neuron by introducing a suitable one-dimensional map. We show that the system is characterized by a response time to external signals which is a decreasing function of the signal strength, in contrast to excitable models whose response time is signal-independent. In a one-dimensional array of these systems… (More)

We provide a general condition for the occurrence of a sudden transition to synchronization in an array of oscillators mutually coupled via the nearest neighbors. At the onset of synchronization a specific constraint must be fulfilled: precisely, the response time of a single system to signals from the adjacent sites must be smaller than the refractory… (More)

We study how a locally coupled array of spiking chaotic systems synchronizes to an external driving in a short time. Synchronization means spike separation at adjacent sites much shorter than the average inter-spike interval; a local lack of synchronization is called a defect. The system displays sudden spontaneous defect disappearance at a critical… (More)

The well-known increase of the decoherence rate with the temperature, for a quantum system coupled to a linear thermal bath, no longer holds for a different bath dynamics. This is shown by means of a simple classical nonlinear bath, as well as a quantum spin-boson model. The anomalous effect is due to the temperature dependence of the bath spectral profile.… (More)

We study the dynamics of a narrow bright soliton in a one-dimensional lattice of condensed attractive atoms when the soliton width is comparable to the lattice spacing. If a momentum is imprinted to a stationary state, the soliton can have oscillations around a site or it can undergo a random motion along the array. The motion is very sensitive to the… (More)

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