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The Attentional Control Scale (ACS; Derryberry & Reed, 2002) has been used to assess executive control over attention in numerous studies, but no published data have examined the factor structure of the English version. The current studies addressed this need and tested the predictive and convergent validity of the ACS subscales. In Study 1, exploratory(More)
Cognitive models of social anxiety disorder posit that maladaptive thought processes play an etiological role in symptoms. The current study tested whether socially anxious individuals (HSAs) demonstrated impaired processing efficiency at the neural and behavioral level, and whether this was exacerbated by self-focused attention. Thirty-two (16 socially(More)
The work here is directed at examining a model predictive control (MPC) implementation that takes advantage of recent advances in the availability of high performance computing platforms at modest cost. The focus here is on the potential for developing custom architecture solutions on field programmable gate array (FPGA) platforms. This is illustrated by(More)
The paper investigates the design of a field programmable gate array based custom computer architecture solution for implementing model predictive control. The solution employs a primal logarithmic-barrier interior-point algorithm in order to handle actuator constraints. The solution also incorporates practical aspects of a control algorithm including state(More)
— This paper considers the system architecture and design issues for implementation of on-line Model Predictive Control (MPC) in Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) and Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs). In particular, the computa-tionally itensive tasks of fast matrix QR factorisation, and subsequent sequential quadratic programming, are(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Currently, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are studied as though they are a homogeneous category. However, there are several noteworthy differences in the products that fall under this name, including potential differences in the efficacy of these products as smoking cessation aids. The current study examined the comparative(More)
The vigilance-avoidance hypothesis suggests that socially anxious individuals attempt to detect signs that they are being evaluated (vigilance) and subsequently direct attention away from such stimuli (avoidance). Although extensive evidence supports vigilance, data concerning subsequent avoidance is equivocal. Drawing from models of attention, the current(More)
Train driving is primarily a visual task; train drivers are required to monitor the dynamic scene visually both outside and inside the train cab. Poor performance on this visual task may lead to errors, such as signals passed at danger. It is therefore important to understand the visual strategies that train drivers employ when monitoring and searching the(More)
This paper describes a Matlab based software environment for the estimation of dynamic systems. It has been developed primarily as a vehicle for profiling novel approaches relative to existing methods within a common software framework in order to streamline comparisons. Key features of the toolbox include simplicity of use (particularly via automated entry(More)