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The p85-associated phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase/Akt pathway mediates the oestradiol-induced S-phase entry and cyclin D1 promoter activity in MCF-7 cells. Experiments with Src, p85alpha and Akt dominant-negative forms indicate that in oestradiol-treated cells these signalling effectors target the cyclin D1 promoter. Oestradiol acutely increases(More)
Treatment of human prostate carcinoma-derived LNCaP cells with androgen or oestradiol triggers simultaneous association of androgen receptor and oestradiol receptor beta with Src, activates the Src/Raf-1/Erk-2 pathway and stimulates cell proliferation. Surprisingly, either androgen or oestradiol action on each of these steps is inhibited by both(More)
The mechanism by which estradiol acts on cell multiplication is still unclear. Under conditions of estradiol-dependent growth, estradiol treatment of human mammary cancer MCF-7 cells triggers rapid and transient activation of the mitogen-activated (MAP) kinases, erk-1 and erk-2, increases the active form of p21ras, tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc and p190(More)
Thyrotropin (TSH) stimulates survival and growth of thyroid cells via a seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor. TSH elevates the intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels activating protein kinase A (PKA). Recent evidence indicates that p21 Ras is required for TSH-induced mitogenesis, but the molecular mechanism(s) is not known. Here we report that Ras(More)
In NIH3T3 cells, 0.001 nM of the synthetic androgen R1881 induces and stimulates association of androgen receptor (AR) with Src and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (Pl3-kinase), respectively, thereby triggering S-phase entry. 10 nM R1881 stimulates Rac activity and membrane ruffling in the absence of the receptor-Src-PI3-kinase complex assembly. The(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which ovarian hormones stimulate growth of breast tumors are unclear. It has been reported previously that estrogens activate the signal-transducing Src/p21(ras)/Erk pathway in human breast cancer cells via an interaction of estrogen receptor (ER) with c-Src. We now show that progestins stimulate human breast cancer T47D cell(More)
Estradiol stimulates protein phosphorylation on tyrosine in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells under conditions of estradiol-stimulated cell growth. The stimulatory effect of estradiol has been observed by 32P-labeling of cells followed by purification of proteins using antiphosphotyrosine antibody coupled to agarose and confirmed by immunoblotting analysis(More)
The presence of large amounts of a 67 kDa estradiol receptor that does not bind hormone was observed in 8 to 37 human mammary tumors (34 malignant and 3 benign). This form of receptor was detected by its conversion to hormone binding receptor by an endogenous tyrosine kinase in vitro. All 8 tumors were malignant. In these, the incubation of cytosol with ATP(More)
A uterus tyrosine kinase has been purified to a single 67-kDa protein when analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Under nondenaturing conditions the molecular weight of the enzyme ranges from 114 to 136 kDa, depending on the procedure employed. The kinase binds calmodulin in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner and the ATP analog [(fluorosulfonyl)benzoyl]adenosine. The purified enzyme(More)
Expression of a dominant negative atypical protein kinase C (aPKC), PKCzeta, prevents nuclear translocation of extracellular regulated kinase 2 (ERK-2), p27 nuclear reduction, and DNA synthesis induced by estradiol in human mammary cancer-derived MCF-7 cells. aPKC action upstream of these events has been analyzed. In hormone-stimulated NIH 3T3 and Cos cells(More)