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To investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key cytokine and innate immunity genes influence risk for childhood lymphomas, we genotyped 37 children with Hodgkin's (HL) and 48 with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), aged (1 month-14 yr), along with their 85 age- and gender-matched controls suffering from mild medical conditions. Genotypic(More)
Streptolysin O (SLO) is a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin produced by the important human pathogen, group A Streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes or GAS). In addition to its cytolytic activity, SLO mediates the translocation of GAS NAD-glycohydrolase (NADase) into human epithelial cells in vitro. Production of both NADase and SLO is associated with(More)
To investigate the antimicrobial resistance trends and the distribution of emm types of group A streptococci (GAS), we examined 1160 clinical isolates of GAS collected between 2003 and 2006. Susceptibilities to commonly used antimicrobial agents were determined by Etest, and macrolide resistance genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). GAS(More)
UNLABELLED A retrospective study was conducted to identify the epidemiologic characteristics of invasive pneumococcal infections among children <14 y of age in our geographic region. During a 5-y period, from 1995 to 1999, 590 cases of invasive pneumococcal infection were identified in Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. The male to female(More)
BACKGROUND Non-polio human enteroviruses are the leading cause of aseptic meningitis in children. The role of enterovirus PCR for diagnosis and management of aseptic meningitis has not been fully explored. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A retrospective study was conducted to determine the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of childhood. The diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. However, the presentation of KD is incomplete/atypical for approximately 20 % of patients. Kawasaki disease is complicated with coronary artery lesions (CALs) and considered the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. The medical(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a commercially available Mycobacterium tuberculosis PCR assay (Amplicor MTB-ROCHE), 2296 respiratory and nonrespiratory specimens from 2296 patients with suspected tuberculosis (TB) were collected prospectively in an 8-year period. Clinical data for each patient were abstracted, and all samples were examined blindly(More)
The impact of viral co-infections and recently discovered viruses on the epidemiology of respiratory infections in children is still unclear. To simultaneously detect viruses that are involved in the aetiology of respiratory infections, we used a DNA/RNA microarray assay that identifies 17 different viruses or viral subtypes. Rhinopharyngeal washes were(More)
Clostridium difficile-associated colitis is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, with high relapse rates following conventional therapy. We sought to determine the efficacy of rifaximin, a novel nonabsorbed antibiotic, in the hamster model of C. difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). Hamsters received clindamycin(More)
Six hundred twelve invasive and noninvasive Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were examined. Serogrouping was performed by the latex agglutination test and serotyping by the quellung reaction. Susceptibilities to macrolides were determined by Etest. The presence of mef(A), mef(E), and erm(B) genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Outpatient(More)