Learn More
  • A M Peters
  • 1992
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is routinely calculated from the second exponential of the bi-exponential plasma clearance of filtration markers such as Cr-51 EDTA and Tc-99m DTPA. By ignoring the first exponential, true GFR is overestimated, an error which increases with increasing GFR. The rate constant, lambda 2, of the second exponential represents the(More)
To characterize cell surface molecules involved in control of growth of malignant lymphocytes, monoclonal antibodies were raised against the human B lymphoblast cell line SKW6.4. One monoclonal antibody, anti-APO-1, reacted with a 52-kilodalton antigen (APO-1) on a set of activated human lymphocytes, on malignant human lymphocyte lines, and on some(More)
The biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of (111)In-DTPA-labeled pegylated liposomes (IDLPL) were studied in 17 patients with locally advanced cancers. The patients received 65-107 MBq of IDLPL, and nuclear medicine whole body gamma camera imaging was used to study liposome biodistribution. The t(1/2beta) of IDLPL was 76.1 h. Positive tumor images were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of percutaneous transcatheter coil embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations on arterial oxygen saturation, pulmonary gas exchange, anatomic right-to-left shunt, and lung function and to assess the complications of the procedure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Fifty-three patients were(More)
UNLABELLED Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is usually expressed in relation to body surface area (BSA) for standardization and comparison between individuals of different sizes, although relating it to extracellular fluid volume (ECV) is technically much simpler because the ratio GFR/ECV is almost equal to the rate constant of the second exponential of the(More)
UNLABELLED In order to be able to compare individuals of differing size, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is conventionally indexed to body surface area (BSA). This does not, however, suit children because they naturally have a relatively high BSA simply because of their small size. The aim of the study was to identify an appropriate simple whole-body(More)
UNLABELLED Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of age, gender, obesity and scaling on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and extracellular fluid volume (ECV) in healthy subjects. METHODS This is a retrospective multi-centre study of 1878 healthy prospective kidney transplant donors (819 men) from 15 centres. Age and body mass index(More)
As measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is now generally the responsibility of departments of nuclear medicine, it is important for nuclear medicine physicians and scientists to understand the pharmacokinetics of the indicators and radiotracers that are used, generally known as filtration markers. The single-injection, non-steady state technique(More)
We describe the theory of a technique for the noninvasive measurement of organ blood flow which is based on the principle of fractionation of cardiac output and is applicable with any recirculating gamma emitting tracer. The technique effectively determines the count rate that would be recorded over the organ if the tracer behaved like radiolabelled(More)
Extracellular fluid volume (ECV) is studied infrequently. The zero-time distribution volume (Vd) generated in the slope-intercept technique for measuring the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) substantially overestimates ECV. The aim was to validate a new technique for measuring ECV from the slope-intercept approach. GFR and ECV were measured using Cr-51-EDTA(More)