A. Michael Crider

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Advances in molecular cloning techniques have allowed the characterization of five subtypes (D(1)-D(5)) of dopamine (DA) receptors. The limbic location of the D(3) receptor has led to speculation about its possible role in schizophrenia and drug abuse. Since the D(3) receptor is localized in the limbic region rather than the striatum, antipsychotics with(More)
The nipecotic acid ester m-nitrophenyl-3-piperidinecarboxylate (MNPC) possesses anticonvulsant activity. In the present study, the metabolites m-nitrophenol and nipecotic acid were determined in mouse blood and brain tissue after administration of MNPC. This determination was used as an indication of the distribution of the parent compound MNPC and to(More)
Ester and amide prodrugs of ibuprofen (1) and naproxen (16) were synthesized and evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity and gastrointestinal toxicity. The chemical structure of the prodrugs was varied in terms of lipophilicity and reactivity toward hydrolysis. Inhibition of acetic acid-induced writhing in mice indicated that prodrugs 7, 15, 19, and 20(More)
Morpholinoalkyl esters (HCl salts) of diclofenac (1) were synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo for their potential use as prodrugs for oral delivery. Prodrugs were freely soluble in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and pH 7.4 phosphate buffer and showed a minimum of a 2000-fold increase in solubility over the parent drug. All prodrugs were more(More)
Utilizing NNC 26-9100 (11) as a structural lead, a variety of nonpeptide derivatives of somatostatin were synthesized and evaluated for sst2 and sst4 receptor binding affinity. A novel thiourea scaffold was utilized to attach (1) a heteroaromatic nucleus to mimic the Trp8 residue, (2) a nonheteroaromatic nucleus to mimic Phe7, and (3) a primary amine or(More)
The affinity, selectivity and agonistic properties of a constrained dopaminergic compound, the benz[e]indole cis-8-hydroxy-3-(n-propyl)1,2,3a.4,5,9b-hexahydro-1H-benz[e]indole (cis-8-OH-PBZI), for the dopamine D3 receptor were evaluated in competition binding experiments with cloned human dopamine receptor subtypes and, to further extend its profile, in in(More)
n-Alkyl esters of nipecotic acid were prepared by Fischer esterification, and the esters were evaluated against bicuculline-induced seizures in mice. Evaluation of the alkyl esters for inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid uptake into mouse whole brain mini-slices revealed that the order of potency was proportional to chain length. The octyl ester inhibited(More)
The nipecotic acid ester, (+/-)-m-nitrophenyl-3-piperidinecarboxylate hydrochloride (MNPC) is a potent inhibitor of uptake of GABA in vitro and should be able to penetrate into the brain much more readily than the parent compound nipecotic acid. A study of the effects of MNPC on convulsions induced by chemicals which interfere with GABA-mediated(More)
A variety of esters of nipecotic and isonipecotic acids were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity. The ester group was varied in terms of lipophilicity and reactivity toward hydrolysis. The esters were screened against seizures induced by electroshock, pentylenetetrazol, and the putative gamma-aminobutyric acid antagonist, bicuculline. The(More)
The relative ability of the enantiomers of the ethyl and m-nitrophenyl esters of nipecotic acid to block convulsions induced by bicuculline and pentylenetetrazol, as well as to block the uptake of GABA into whole brain mini-slices, was studied in mice. Neither (+)ethyl nipecotate hydrogen tartrate [(+)E.Tartrate], which is hydrolyzed to (-)nipecotic acid,(More)