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We assessed the flow-impeding properties of nose and pharynx combined in four normals and five patients with occlusive sleep apnea (OSA) while awake by measuring supraglottic pressure and airflow at the nose. We calculated two indices of impedance presented by the supraglottic airway: the second coefficient (K2) of Rohrer's equation and supraglottic(More)
Analysis and classification of sleep stages is a fundamental part of basic sleep research. Rat sleep stages are scored based on electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals recorded from electrodes implanted epidurally and electromyographic (EMG) signals from the temporalis or nuchal muscle. An automated sleep scoring system was developed using a support vector(More)
Fibrositis (fibromyalgia) patients were compared with normal controls in terms of electrophysiology (EEG), self-report indicants of awakening, quality of sleep, behaviourally signalled awakenings, and Symptom Check List 90R (SCL-90R) scores. The results differentiated fibrositis patients from normal controls in terms of SCL-90R scores, with fibrositis(More)
Physiological sleep tendency during a simulated night shift schedule was examined in 15 middle-aged subjects following daytime sleep after administration of triazolam or placebo. A double-blind, counterbalanced, crossover design involving two tours of five laboratory nights and four daytime home sleep periods was used. Triazolam lengthened daytime sleep as(More)
Each of 10 normal subjects had 4 nights of laboratory-monitored sleep, consisting of adjustment, baseline, high blanket temperature (HBT), and recovery nights. EEG-EOG recordings were made on each night; rectal temperature, heart rate, body weight, and ambient temperatures were monitored throughout the last 2 nights. On the HBT night, subjects had less(More)
We documented airway occlusion during sleep and an abnormally high supraglottic resistance while awake in a 54-yr-old woman who had developed physical changes and the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea while being administered exogenous androgens. When the androgens were withdrawn, the patient's physical changes, symptoms, sleep study, and supraglottic(More)
BACKGROUND Studies investigating the effect of power frequency (50-60 Hz) electromagnetic fields (EMF) on melatonin synthesis in rats have been inconsistent with several showing suppression of melatonin synthesis, others showing no effect and a few actually demonstrating small increases. Scant research has focused on the ensuing sleep patterns of EMF(More)
The aim of this study is to identify a possible function of Active Sleep (AS), also known as Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM) in humans, as a protective state during early Central Nervous System (CNS) development. Previous research suggest pharmacological agents that inhibit high levels of neuronal activity in the CNS (e.g., benzodiazepines, ethanol, and(More)