A. Michael Anch

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The aim of this study is to identify a possible function of Active Sleep (AS), also known as Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM) in humans, as a protective state during early Central Nervous System (CNS) development. Previous research suggest pharmacological agents that inhibit high levels of neuronal activity in the CNS (e.g., benzodiazepines, ethanol, and(More)
This report describes a new method, the splay angle measures, to determine neuromuscular dysfunction. Splay angles are measured from a standard splay test and define hind limb orientation quantified, in degrees, by the paw strike of the hind limbs. We used mutant rats, presenting with a chronic central nervous system demyelinating disease, characterized by(More)
Analysis and classification of sleep stages is a fundamental part of basic sleep research. Rat sleep stages are scored based on electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals recorded from electrodes implanted epidurally and electromyographic (EMG) signals from the temporalis or nuchal muscle. An automated sleep scoring system was developed using a support vector(More)
The taiep (tremor, ataxia, immobility, epilepsy, and paralysis) myelin mutant displays a number of locomotor deficits. Taiep rat gait is characterized by shorter stride and step lengths as well as by larger stride widths. Thirty-day-old taiep mutants were placed under a regimen of daily hormone injections for 60 days. Animals in Condition 1 received(More)
Physiological sleep tendency during a simulated night shift schedule was examined in 15 middle-aged subjects following daytime sleep after administration of triazolam or placebo. A double-blind, counterbalanced, crossover design involving two tours of five laboratory nights and four daytime home sleep periods was used. Triazolam lengthened daytime sleep as(More)
Myelin mutants provide an opportunity to study neurophysiological and behavioral effects of demyelination. The taiep rats are myelin mutants with progressive demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in five neurological symptoms: tremor, ataxia, immobility, epilepsy, and paralysis. The demyelination affects the brainstem, an important(More)
Fibrositis (fibromyalgia) patients were compared with normal controls in terms of electrophysiology (EEG), self-report indicants of awakening, quality of sleep, behaviourally signalled awakenings, and Symptom Check List 90R (SCL-90R) scores. The results differentiated fibrositis patients from normal controls in terms of SCL-90R scores, with fibrositis(More)
BACKGROUND Studies investigating the effect of power frequency (50-60 Hz) electromagnetic fields (EMF) on melatonin synthesis in rats have been inconsistent with several showing suppression of melatonin synthesis, others showing no effect and a few actually demonstrating small increases. Scant research has focused on the ensuing sleep patterns of EMF(More)
A dramatic bradycardia is induced by underwater submersion in vertebrates. The location of parasympathetic preganglionic cardiac motor neurons driving this aspect of the diving response was investigated using cFos immunohistochemistry combined with retrograde transport of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) to double-label neurons. After pericardial injections of(More)