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Cellular memory is provided by two counteracting groups of chromatin proteins termed Trithorax group (TrxG) and Polycomb group (PcG) proteins. TrxG proteins activate transcription and are perhaps best known because of the involvement of the TrxG protein MLL in leukaemia. However, in terms of molecular analysis, they have lived in the shadow of their more(More)
Genetic linkage studies place a gene causing early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) on chromosome 14q24.3 (refs 1–4). Five mutations within the S182 (Presenilin 1: PS–1) gene, which maps to this region, have recently been reported in several early onset FAD kindreds5. We have localized the PS-1 gene to a 75 kb region and present the structure of(More)
Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins silence critical developmental genes and modulate cell proliferation. Using the Drosophila melanogaster eye as a model system, we show that cells with mutations in the gene locus (ph) that encodes the PcG protein Polyhomeotic (PH) overproliferate and lose both the ability to differentiate and their normal polarity. They invade(More)
In the wing discs of Drosophila, the mecanosensory precursor cells are singled out from clusters of cells blocked at the G2 phase of the cell cycle. This mitotic quiescence and the selection of the precursors are under strict spatio-temporal control. We forced G2 cells to enter mitosis by overexpression of string, the Drosophila homologue of the cdc25 gene.(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (trxG) proteins are evolutionarily conserved chromatin modifiers that have well known roles in the maintenance of silent and active expression states of homeotic genes. PcG proteins may also be involved in the control of cellular proliferation, as several PcG complexes have been shown to act either as proto-oncogenes(More)
Polycomb group proteins form two main complexes, PRC2 and PRC1, which generally coregulate their target genes. Here we show that PRC1 components act as neoplastic tumor suppressors independently of PRC2 function. By mapping the distribution of PRC1 components and trimethylation of histone H3 at Lys27 (H3K27me3) across the genome, we identify a large set of(More)
Trimethylation at histone H3K27 is central to the polycomb repression system. Juxtaposed to H3K27 is a widely conserved phosphorylatable serine residue (H3S28) whose function is unclear. To assess the importance of H3S28, we generated a Drosophila H3 histone mutant with a serine-to-alanine mutation at position 28. H3S28A mutant cells lack H3S28ph on mitotic(More)
Previous studies have addressed why and how mono-stratified epithelia adopt a polygonal topology. One major additional, and yet unanswered question is how the frequency of different cell shapes is achieved and whether the same distribution applies between non-proliferative and proliferative epithelia. We compared different proliferative and(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (trxG) proteins are well known for their role in the maintenance of silent and active expression states of homeotic genes. However, PcG proteins may also be required for the control of cellular proliferation in vertebrates. In Drosophila, PcG factors act by associating with specific DNA regions termed PcG response(More)