A. Mark Settles

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The bacterial Sec and signal recognition particle (ffh-dependent) protein translocation mechanisms are conserved between prokaryotes and higher plant chloroplasts. A third translocation mechanism in chloroplasts [the proton concentration difference (DeltapH) pathway] was previously thought to be unique. The hcf106 mutation of maize disrupts the localization(More)
High-copy transposon mutagenesis is an effective tool for creating gene disruptions in maize. In order to molecularly define transposon-induced disruptions on a genome-wide scale, we optimized TAIL-PCR to amplify genomic DNA flanking maize Robertson's Mutator insertions. Sample sequencing from 43 Mutator stocks and the W22 inbred line identified 676(More)
We implement a novel strategy for harnessing the power of high-copy transposons for functional analysis of the maize genome, and report behavioral features of the Mutator system in a uniform inbred background. The unique UniformMu population and database facilitate high-throughput molecular analysis of Mu-tagged mutants and gene knockouts. Key features of(More)
We describe a mutant of Zea mays isolated from a W22 inbred transposon population, widow's peak mutant1 (wpk1), with an altered pattern of anthocyanin synthesis and aleurone cell differentiation in endosperm. In addition, a failure of the developing mutant embryo to form leaf initials is associated with decreased expression of a subset of meristem(More)
Targeting of chloroplast proteins to the thylakoid membrane is analogous to bacterial secretion, and much of what we know has been learned from secretory mechanisms in Escherichia coli. However, chloroplasts also use a delta pH-dependent pathway to target thylakoid proteins, at least some of which are folded before transport. Previously, this pathway seemed(More)
Normal plant development requires epigenetic regulation to enforce changes in developmental fate. Genomic imprinting is a type of epigenetic regulation in which identical alleles of genes are expressed in a parent-of-origin dependent manner. Deep sequencing of transcriptomes has identified hundreds of imprinted genes with scarce evidence for the(More)
The thylakoidal DeltapH-dependent and bacterial twin arginine transport systems are structurally and functionally related protein export machineries. These recently discovered systems have been shown to transport folded proteins but are not known to assemble integral membrane proteins. We determined the translocation pathway of a thylakoidal FtsH homologue,(More)
Endosperm and embryo development are coordinated via epigenetic regulation and signaling between these tissues. In maize (Zea mays), the endosperm-embryo signals are not known, but endosperm cellularization is a key event for embryos to form shoots and roots. We screened seed mutants for nonautonomous functions in endosperm and embryo development with(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA), auxin and nitrate are important signaling molecules that affect plant growth responses to the environment. The synthesis or metabolism of these compounds depends on the molybdenum cofactor (MoCo). We show that maize (Zea mays) viviparous10 (vp10) mutants have strong precocious germination and seedling lethal phenotypes that cannot be(More)
A new Zea mays viviparous seed mutant, viviparous15 (vp15), was isolated from the UniformMu transposon-tagging population. In addition to precocious germination, vp15 has an early seedling lethal phenotype. Biochemical analysis showed reduced activities of several enzymes that require molybdenum cofactor (MoCo) in vp15 mutant seedlings. Because MoCo is(More)