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Urotensin II has vasoconstrictive and negative inotropic effects, suggesting a possible role in circulatory regulation and pathophysiology of heart failure. We developed a sensitive specific RIA and measured plasma urotensin II in patients with heart failure and in controls. Plasma urotensin II was higher in heart failure patients (mean 3.9 pmol/L [SD 1.4];(More)
Aminoterminal proCNP (NTproCNP), a stable product of CNP gene expression and readily measured in human plasma, provides a new approach to studies of CNP which is rapidly degraded at source. CNP is detectable in human CSF but the presence and proportions of NTproCNP in CSF are unknown. Since CNP is widely expressed throughout the CNS, we hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND The urocortins are emerging as potentially important contributors to neurohumoral regulation of the circulation with recent reports attributing a powerful array of hemodynamic, renal, and neurohumoral effects to the urocortins in cardiac failure. These peptides also seem to have cardioprotective effects in the setting of ischemia-reperfusion.(More)
BACKGROUND A variant in the promoter of the human uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) gene, the G-866A polymorphism, has been associated with future risk of coronary heart disease events, in those devoid of traditional risk factors and in those suffering from diabetes. We thus examined the impact of the G-866A polymorphism on 5-year survival in a cohort of 901(More)
While regional plasma concentrations of the endocrine hormones atrial and brain natriuretic peptide (ANP and BNP) have been studied, there are few reports of regional changes in the largely paracrine C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and its amino terminal fragment NT-CNP. Accordingly, we have performed trans-organ arteriovenous sampling for measurement of(More)
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) derived from either blastocyst stage embryos (hESCs) or reprogrammed somatic cells (iPSCs) can provide an abundant source of human neuronal lineages that were previously sourced from human cadavers, abortuses, and discarded surgical waste. In addition to the well-known potential therapeutic application of these cells in(More)
BACKGROUND Betaine is a major osmolyte, also important in methyl group metabolism. Concentrations of betaine, its metabolite dimethylglycine and analog trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) in blood are cardiovascular risk markers. Diabetes disturbs betaine: does diabetes alter associations between betaine-related measures and cardiovascular risk? METHODS Plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Reliability of real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) data is dependent on the use of appropriate reference gene(s) for normalization. To date, no validated reference genes have been reported for normalizing gene expression in human myocardium. This study aimed to identify validated reference genes for use in gene expression studies of failed and non-failed(More)
The natriuretic peptides, atrial (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are known to suppress cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Both ANP and BNP exert their bioactivities through the Npr1 receptor, and Npr1 knockout mice (Npr1-/-) exhibit marked cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. In this study, we investigated which genes within the hypertrophic and(More)