A. Mario Q. Marcondes

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TNFalpha levels are elevated in the marrows of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and are associated with high rates of apoptosis, which contributes to hematopoietic failure. We observed that exposure of human marrow stroma cell lines HS5 and HS27a to TNFalpha increases levels of IL-32 mRNA. IL-32, in turn, induces TNFalpha. Marrow stroma from(More)
Patients with low-grade myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) show high levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and up-regulation of apoptosis in the marrow. In contrast, marrow cells in advanced MDS are typically resistant to TNFα-induced apoptosis but are rendered apoptosis-sensitive on coculture with stroma. The present studies show that CD34(+) marrow cells(More)
The transcription factor TWIST-1 is up-regulated in CD34(+) cells in myelodysplastic syndrome and is involved in resistance to apoptosis. There is evidence that TWIST-1 affects apoptosis via microRNAs (miRs). Expression of miRs was determined in myeloid cell lines and primary CD34(+) marrow cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and healthy(More)
Interleukin (IL)-32 was originally identified in natural killer cells and IL-2-activated human T lymphocytes. As T cells are activated in allogeneic transplantation, we determined the role of IL-32 in human mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLCs) and GVHD. In allogeneic MLCs, IL-32 increased two-fold in responding T cells, accompanied by five-fold increases of(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic iron overload is common in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and may predispose to peri- and post-HCT toxicity. To better understand the mechanisms of iron overload-induced liver injury, we examined the effects of iron overload induced by ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) on oxidative(More)
In patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), apoptosis in hematopoietic cells is up-regulated in low-grade disease, whereas advanced disease is characterized by apoptosis resistance. We have shown that marrow stroma-derived signals convey sensitivity to tumor-necrosis-factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-mediated apoptosis in otherwise-resistant KG1a myeloid cells(More)
Telomere shortening with age may lead to genomic instability and an increased risk of cancer. Given the role of the microenvironment in the pathophysiology of the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), primarily a disease of older age, we determined telomere length in primary cultured marrow stroma cells using quantitative fluorescent in situ hybridization (qFISH)(More)
Engraftment of clonal hematopoietic precursor cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in immunodeficient mice has been difficult to achieve by intravenous (i.v.) injection. We used i.v. coadministration of the human marrow stroma cell line HS27a with CD34+ MDS cells in Nod.cg-Prkdc(scid) Il2rg(tm1wjll) (NSG) mice to provide signals that(More)
The role of aberrant DNA methylation in Ewing sarcoma is not completely understood. The methylation status of 503 genes in 52 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded EWS tumors and 3 EWS cell lines was compared to human mesenchymal stem cell primary cultures (hMSCs) using bead chip methylation analysis. Relative expression of methylated genes was assessed in(More)
The role of the marrow microenvironment in the pathophysiology of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) remains controversial. Using stromal/hematopoietic cell cocultures, we investigated the effects of stroma-derived signals on apoptosis sensitivity in hematopoietic precursors. The leukemia-derived cell line KG1a is resistant to proapoptotic ligands. However,(More)