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1. The frequency response of isometric soleus muscle was determined efficiently by analysis of the unfused tension generated during short periods of random stimulation of the divided ventral roots, in anaesthetized cats.2. Despite the complexities of skeletal muscle, the frequency response of soleus, at moderate lengths and stimulation rates in the(More)
Chronic recording is possible from nerve fibers which have grown through holes in an insulating medium (regeneration electrodes) or which are enclosed by an insulating sheath (cuff electrodes). Use of three electrodes in a balanced configuration permits good rejection of electromyographic (EMG) signals and other sources of electrical interference(More)
The nerves to plantaris and soleus muscles in the cat were stimulated with maximal single shocks and with random stimulus trains which produced partially fused contractions. In order to obtain information on the mechanism of muscular contraction, the effects of allowing the muscles to shorten against various elastic loads were studied in the time domain and(More)
A simple, linear visco-elastic model of muscle is described which contains five parameters: a series and a parallel elasticity, a viscosity, and a magnitude and rate constant for the decay of the active state. The effects of adding springs in series with a muscle are predicted. The responses to random stimulus trains can be used to evaluate the parameters(More)
Implantable electrode assemblies that become penetrated by regenerating axons were used to record signals from single sensory and motor nerve fibers associated with leg movement in unrestrained amphibians (Xenopus laevis). Such neuroimplants may provide a means for establishing the roles of various muscle afferents and efferents in posture and locomotion,(More)
(1) Many of the preganglionic neurons responsible for sympathetic tone in the cat exhibit a characteristic irregular background spike activity with a low repetition rate. The properties of this activity, described by the interspike interval histogram, can be explained as the result of the responses of the neurons to random synaptic imputs. (2) Serial(More)
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