A. MacDonald

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New developments in the treatment and management of phenylketonuria (PKU) as well as advances in molecular testing have emerged since the National Institutes of Health 2000 PKU Consensus Statement was released. An NIH State-of-the-Science Conference was convened in 2012 to address new findings, particularly the use of the medication sapropterin to treat(More)
To gain better insight in the most current diagnosis and treatment practices for phenylketonuria (PKU) from a broad group of experts, a European PKU survey was performed. The questionnaire, consisting of 33 questions, was sent to 243 PKU professionals in 165 PKU centers in 23 European countries. The responses were compiled and descriptive analyses were(More)
Dietary treatment may be associated with an increased risk of obesity in phenylketonuria (PKU). The earliest studies describe a tendency for overweight in PKU, but not all recent publications confirm this, although there are an increasing number of studies describing increased obesity in female patients with PKU. There is little data describing the(More)
Fifty children with drug resistant epilepsy were treated with the Medium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) Emulsion diet. Eight achieved complete control of seizures (four without anticonvulsant drugs), and with the addition of anticonvulsants four had seizures reduced in frequency by 90% and 10 by 50-90%. The best results were obtained with astatic myoclonic and(More)
In phenylketonuria, compliance and diet is a difficult issue; it is hard to quantify and is under-researched. It is influenced by many factors. Failure to consume prescribed quantity of protein substitute has been commonly reported and is probably affected by their acceptability, format and timing of administration. There are few reports documenting actual(More)
In patients with phenylketonuria, blood phenylalanine concentration during childhood is the major determinant of cognitive outcome. Guidelines provide age-related recommendations for treatment. To ascertain the extent to which these aims are achievable, we audited results from four centres for the years 1994-2000. The median proportion of samples with(More)
For almost all patients with PKU, a low phenylalanine diet is the basis of the treatment despite a widely varying natural protein tolerance. A vitamin and mineral supplement is essential and it is commonly added to a phenylalanine-free (phe-free) source of L-amino acids. In PKU, many phe-free L-amino acid supplements have age-specific vitamin and mineral(More)
Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) encompass an 'at risk' group for micronutrient imbalances. Optimal nutrient status is challenging particularly when a substantial proportion of nutrient intake is from non-natural sources. In PKU patients following dietary treatment, supplementation with micronutrients is a necessity and vitamins and minerals should(More)
AIMS To evaluate the cognitive outcome of a cohort of children with galactosaemia in relation to genotype. METHODS The cohort was drawn from children notified to the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit galactosaemia study which ran from 1988 to 1990. Cognitive outcome was assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or the Wechsler(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is no longer considered merely a pediatric concern; current guidelines recommend life-long treatment. However, information on the adult PKU patient population is scarce. A survey was initiated on behalf of the European PKU Group (EPG) that focused specifically on early-treated adult patients diagnosed by neonatal screening. The online(More)