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OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the entirely subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD). BACKGROUND A new entirely S-ICD has been introduced, that does not require lead placement in or on the heart. The authors report the largest multicenter experience to date with the S-ICD with a minimum of(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels composed of a pore-forming α subunit and auxiliary β subunits are responsible for the upstroke of the action potential in cardiac muscle. However, their localization and expression patterns in human myocardium have not yet been clearly defined. We used immunohistochemical methods to define the level of expression and the(More)
AIMS Outcome of rhythm control in atrial fibrillation (AF) is still poor due to various mechanisms involved in the initiation and perpetuation of AF. Differences in timing of AF recurrence may depend on different types of mechanisms. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanisms involved in early AF recurrence in patients with short-lasting AF. (More)
AIMS To investigate the influence of interlead distance and lead positioning on success of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with advanced chronic heart failure and electrical dyssynchrony. Despite application of established selection criteria, 20-40% of the patients do not respond to CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined consecutive(More)
The calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T-cell (NFAT) pathway represents a crucial transducer of cellular function. There is increasing evidence placing the sarcolemmal calcium pump, or plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin ATPase pump (PMCA), as a potential modulator of signal transduction pathways. We demonstrate a novel interaction between PMCA and the(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the gene encoding desmin (DES), an intermediate filament protein, underlie a heterogeneous phenotype, which is referred to as desmin-related myopathy (DRM). Right ventricular involvement including an arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC)(-like) phenotype has occasionally been described in DES mutation-carrying(More)
Structural remodelling occurring before, due to the underlying heart disease, and during atrial fibrillation (AF) sets the stage for permanent AF. Current therapy in AF aims to maintain sinus rhythm in symptomatic patients, but outcome is unfortunately poor. Stretch of the atria is a main contributor to atrial remodelling. In this review, we describe(More)
AIMS Heart failure (HF) patients increasingly receive device therapy, either an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or a biventricular pacemaker, also called cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), or a CRT device with an ICD (CRT-D). However, epidemiological data on the use of device therapy in Europe are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS Data on(More)
How an individual's sex and genetic background modify cardiac adaptation to increased workload is a topic of great interest. We systematically evaluated morphological and physiological cardiac adaptation in response to voluntary and forced exercise. We found that sex/gender is a dominant factor in exercise performance (in two exercise paradigms and two(More)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common form of sudden death in young competitive athletes. However, exercise has also been shown to be beneficial in the setting of other cardiac diseases. We examined the ability of voluntary exercise to prevent or reverse the phenotypes of a murine model of HCM harboring a mutant myosin heavy chain (MyHC). No(More)