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The objective of this study was to evaluate five different lifting tasks based on subjective and biomechanical estimates of stress at the lower back. Subjective estimates were obtained immediately after the subjects performed the lifting tasks. Rankings for different tasks were obtained according to the perceived level of stress at the lower back. A(More)
In the investigation of lower back stress, the muscle forces of the erector spinae and the rectus abdominis are often calculated using the two-dimensional biomechanical model. These muscle forces are used to estimate the compressive forces at L5/S1 disc. This paper presents a study of the muscle forces predicted by a two-dimensional biomechanical model(More)
This paper presents results of a study conducted to estimate lower back loadings in cart pushing and pulling. Experiments were conducted in the laboratory using a cart. Six subjects with different weights (ranging from 50 to 80 kg) were tested for three different pushing and pulling forces (98, 196 and 294 newtons), three different heights of exertion (660,(More)
This paper presents the results of a study to evaluate the effects of personal and anthropometric variables on grip strength. Weight, height, frame size, and Fat-Free Cross-Sectional Area (FFCSA) were the anthropometric variables included in the study. Sex and the amount of exercise were the personal variables included. A group of 33 female and 59 male(More)
This paper presents an evaluation of exercises that have been recommended for the prevention of musculoskeletal discomfort among VDT/office workers. 127 individual exercises were analysed for their suitability for performance in VDT workplaces. Additionally, each exercise was judged in terms of its safety and its compliance with principles of physiotherapy.(More)
This paper presents results of an analysis of recommended exercises proposed for the reduction of musculoskeletal stress in VDT operation and similar types of work. Fifteen exercise programs consisting of 123 individual exercises were reviewed. Most of the programs exhibited some redeeming features from a practical and a professional standpoint. It was(More)
A series of laboratory experiments were conducted to find maximum acceptable weights in front, side, and back lifting. Fifteen college students participated in the experiment. Experimental trials for each type of lifting were conducted for 10 min for each subject at a rate of 4 lifts/min. Psychophysical methodology was used to find the acceptable weight(More)
A number of parachuting fatalities are attributed every year to the inability of the parachutist to pull the ripcord. The purpose of this study was to determine a location for the ripcord handle in parachutes, which would be most compatible with human capabilities. Eight different ripcord handle locations were selected for this investigation. Eighteen male(More)
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