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The subjective, psychomotor and reinforcing effects of nitrous oxide at subanesthetic doses (30% and 40% in oxygen) were determined in normal healthy volunteers using a choice paradigm. Thirty percent nitrous oxide was chosen no more often than oxygen (41.6% choice rate), indicating that, for most of the subjects tested, extended inhalation of this nitrous(More)
Propofol is a recently introduced intravenous anesthetic agent, commonly administered to surgical patients because it induces anesthesia smoothly (i.e., provides loss of consciousness rapidly and usually with no complications) and is associated with rapid recovery. Propofol has psychoactive effects that could be construed as pleasant, although little abuse(More)
Propofol is increasingly being used in medical and surgical procedures in which conscious sedation of the patient is desired. The mood-altering and psychomotor effects of subanesthetic concentrations of propofol have not been well characterized. Therefore, we examined the effects of intravenous infusions of different subanesthetic doses of propofol on mood(More)
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