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BACKGROUND KRAS codons 12 and 13 mutations predict resistance to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (moAbs) in metastatic colorectal cancer. Also, BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with resistance. Additional KRAS mutations are described in CRC. METHODS We investigated the role of KRAS codons 61 and 146 and BRAF V600E mutations in predicting resistance(More)
The primary end point of the study was the analysis of associations between polymorphisms with putative influence on 5-fluorouracil/irinotecan activity and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with first-line FOLFIRI chemotherapy. Peripheral blood samples from 146 prospectively enrolled patients were used for(More)
There is increasing evidence that the Let-7 microRNA (miRNA) exerts an effect as a tumor suppressor by targeting the KRAS mRNA. The Let-7 complementary site (LCS6) T>G variant in the KRAS 3'-untranslated region weakens Let-7 binding. We analyzed whether the LCS6 variant may be clinically relevant to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) treated(More)
4058 Background: KRAS and BRAF mutations are associated with resistance to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies. EGFR Intron-1 (CA)n genotype has been suggested to influence the activity of cetuximab. METHODS We retrospectively assessed KRAS and BRAF mutational status and EGFR Intron-1 (CA)n genotypes in 117 irinotecan-refractory EGFR-positive mCRC patients(More)
The number of CA tandem repeats (CA)n in a highly polymorphic region of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) intron 1 may affect gene transcription; the potential impact of allelic variants on the efficacy of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients is debated for long. This study aimed at prospectively estimating the impact of EGFR(More)
The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) cytokine is thought to counteract tumor angiogenesis/metastasis. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the IL-1RA gene (rs4251961 T/C and rs579543 C/T) influence IL-1RA circulating levels with highest production in carriers of the homozygous rs4251961 T/T and rs579543 T/T genotypes. A total of 180 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in the interleukin 1beta gene (IL-1B-31T/C and IL-1B-511C/T single nucleotide changes) and in the interleukin 1 receptor anatagonist gene (IL-1RN2 variable number of tandem repeats) have been studied with respect to gastric cancer susceptibility. Available data support an aetiologic role of these genetic variants in the presence of(More)
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is a cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline mutation of the gene encoding the tumour-suppressor E-cadherin (CDH1). We describe the search for CDH1 mutations in 36 new diffuse gastric cancer families. All 16 CDH1 exons, neighbouring intronic sequence and an essential promoter region were screened by DNA(More)
In the present study we investigated the potential role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms as risk factors in the development of gastric cancer. TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms were investigated in 171 Italian patients with sporadic gastric cancer and in 151 controls. Unconditional regression (odds ratio and(More)