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A "Social Rhythm Metric" (SRM) of daily rhythmic behavior (developed previously) was given to 20 treated depressives (in remission) and 15 day-working control subjects for a continuous 12-week period. Long-term use of the SRM appeared feasible with no evidence of a deterioration in scores over the 12 weeks. Comparisons were made between intersubject and(More)
While the relationship of life events to depression onset has occupied researchers for almost a quarter of a century, few studies have attempted to account for either the temporal patterning of events relative to episode onset, or, the effect of multiple events in a study period. In this report, we attempt to address the issues of timing of events, multiple(More)
On the basis of theories we articulated in earlier papers (Ehlers et al 1988: Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:948-952, 1993: Depression 1:285-293), we have developed an adjunctive psychosocial intervention for patients with bipolar 1 disorder. Central to this intervention is the establishment of regularity in daily routines. In this report, we present data from a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the advances in biological and psychosocial assessment methods, reliable distinction between depressed patients with endogenous presentations or melancholic symptom features and those with nonendogenous presentations has remained elusive. METHODS Ninety patients with histories of frequent unipolar episodes classified as endogenous or(More)
Forty-one recurrent unipolar depressed outpatients were studied at baseline (symptomatic period) and at recovery. Rectal temperatures were measured continuously between 1800h and 0600h on 2 successive nights at each time point. In those 24 patients who recovered after receiving interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) alone ("psychotherapy responders") and who(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep studies may help to identify persistent versus episodic biological characteristics of major depressive disorder. This report examines longitudinal EEG sleep studies in depressed patients treated with psychotherapy alone. Nineteen patients were studied during a symptomatic baseline period and again during early remission(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep measures have been examined as predictors of therapeutic response in patients with major depression. Although some studies have reported that EEG sleep measures are predictive of a favorable outcome with medications, two recent studies found no differences in the baseline sleep characteristics of responders and(More)
Ninety patients in the maintenance therapy phase of the Pittsburgh Study of Maintenance Therapies in Recurrent Depression (Frank et al., 1990) were studied to determine possible relationships between the type of therapy (imipramine versus no drug) and the level of sexual functioning. The level of sexual functioning was determined by a composite subscale(More)
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