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The widespread use of cellular phones raises the problem of interaction of electromagnetic fields with the central nervous system (CNS). In order to measure these effects on neurotransmitter content in the CNS, we developed a protocol of neurotransmitter detection based on immunohistochemistry and image analysis. Gamma-vinyl-GABA (GVG), an inhibitor of the(More)
Adult human and rodent brains contain neural stem and progenitor cells, and the presence of neural stem cells in the adult rodent spinal cord has also been described. Here, using electron microscopy, expression of neural precursor cell markers, and cell culture, we investigated whether neural precursor cells are also present in adult human spinal cord. In(More)
The distribution of 5-HT1, 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT2 receptors in the rat spinal cord was investigated with quantitative autoradiography. Receptors were labeled respectively with [3H]serotonin (5-[3H]HT),8- hydroxy-2-[N-dipropylamino-3H]tetralin (8-OH-[3H]DPAT), [125I]iodocyanopindolol and [3H]ketanserin. It is shown that 5-HT1, 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors(More)
Using in situ hybridization (ISH), we studied the distribution of rat glucocorticoid receptors (GR) mRNA in rat spinal cord. mRNA encoding for GR was abundant throughout the white matter and a clear pattern of distribution was detected within the grey matter. In the grey matter mRNA was primarily localized in the ventral horn, where motoneurones were(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the role of dopamine neurotransmission in the effects of morphine in the learned helplessness paradigm in rats, a generally recognized model of depression. In this model, rats first exposed to inescapable shocks (stressed rats) exhibited an escape deficit in a subsequent shuttle-box test performed 48 h later for 3(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible involvement of the mu-opioid system on the learned-helplessness paradigm, an experimental model of depression, in rats. In this test, rats were first exposed to inescapable foot-shocks (IS); 48 h later, they were submitted to a daily shuttle-box session (30 trials) for 3 consecutive days. Avoidance(More)
The roles of dopaminergic and opioid neurotransmissions in the activity of three tricyclic antidepressants endowed with different monoamine-reuptake properties [desipramine (DESI), imipramine (IMI), amineptine (AMN)] were examined using a behavioral model of depression in rats; the learned helplessness paradigm. In this model, exposure of rats to(More)
Serotonergic innervation of the spinal cord in mammals has multiple roles in the control of motor, sensory and visceral functions. In rats, functional consequences of spinal cord injury at thoracic level can be improved by a substitutive transplantation of serotonin (5-HT) neurons or regeneration under the trophic influence of grafted stem cells.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic effect of acute injections (1.25 and 20 mg/kg, ip) of several antidepressants with different effects on monoamine reuptake, on two pain tests in mice (hot-plate and phenylbenzoquinone-induced abdominal writhes). Serotonergic inhibitors (citalopram, fluvoxamine and clomipramine) were more effective in(More)
1DMe, a neuropeptide FF (NPFF) analogue, has been shown to produce antinociception and to enhance morphine analgesia in rats after intrathecal administration. To determine whether 1DMe could correct hyperalgesia and restore morphine efficacy in mononeuropathic (MN) and diabetic (D) rats we examined the spinal effect of 1DMe in MN and D rats without and(More)
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