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During protein biosynthesis, processing of the N terminus of many proteins may occur through acetylation and deacetylation. The enzyme acylpeptide hydrolase is likely involved in deacetylation of nascent peptide chains or of bioactive peptides. The related enzyme, acylase, hydrolyzes the acetyl amino acid product of the acylpeptide hydrolase reaction to(More)
The N-terminal 18-amino acid sequence of the beta-chain of hemoglobin, as far as the end of the A helix, has been replaced by the corresponding sequence of the gamma-chain of fetal hemoglobin with the remaining sequence of the beta-chain retained (helices B through H). The gamma-beta-chain had the correct mass, and its entire sequence was established by(More)
Acylpeptide hydrolase may be involved in N-terminal deacetylation of nascent polypeptide chains and of bioactive peptides. The activity of this enzyme from human erythrocytes is sensitive to anions such as chloride, nitrate, and fluoride. Furthermore, blocked amino acids act as competitive inhibitors of the enzyme. Acetyl leucine chloromethyl ketone has(More)
The formation of the unusual amino-acid hypusine in eIF-5A (eukaryotic initiation factor 5A) is associated with cellular proliferation. We used a panel of compounds, including mimosine, to probe the relationship between the exit from the G1 phase of the cell cycle, i.e., the onset of DNA replication, and the formation of hypusine by the enzyme deoxyhypusyl(More)
The presence of alanine (Ala) or acetyl serine (AcSer) instead of the normal Val residues at the N-terminals of either the alpha- or the beta-subunits of human adult hemoglobin confers some novel and unexpected features on the protein. Mass spectrometric analysis confirmed that these substitutions were correct and that they were the only ones. Circular(More)
The different types of naturally occurring, normal human hemoglobins vary in their tetramer-dimer subunit interface strengths (stabilities) by three orders of magnitude in the liganded (CO or oxy) state. The presence of embryonic zeta-subunits leads to an average 20-fold weakening of tetramer-dimer interfaces compared to corresponding hemoglobins containing(More)
A previously unrecognized function of normal human hemoglobins occurring during protein assembly is described, i.e. self-regulation of subunit pairings and their durations arising from the variable strengths of their subunit interactions. Although many mutant human hemoglobins are known to have altered subunit interface strengths, those of the normal(More)
Different types of human hemoglobins (Hbs) consisting of various combinations of the embryonic, fetal, and adult Hb subunits are present at certain times during development representing a major paradigm of developmental biology that is still not understood and one which we address here. We show that the subunit interfaces of these Hbs have increasing(More)
The expression of the six types of human Hb subunits over time is currently considered to be regulated mainly by transcription factors that bind to upstream control regions of the gene (the 'extrinsic' component of regulation). Here, we describe how subunit pairing and further assembly to tetramers in the liganded state is influenced by the affinity of(More)