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This study examined the dynamics of endocytotic and recycling events associated with the GnRH receptor, a unique G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) without the intracellular carboxyl-terminal tail, after agonist stimulation, and investigated the role of beta-arrestin in this process. Subcellular location of fluorescently labeled epitope-tagged GnRH receptors(More)
The cholinergic drug pilocarpine may cause sweating and salivation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, and bronchospasm. Finally, any mydriatic at all used by a casualty officer in an unconscious patient will produce a severe systemic adrenergic reaction-in the neurologist or neurosurgeon who receives the patient. The casualty officer should never forget that(More)
The mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH-R) is the only G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) in which the intracellular C-terminal tail is completely absent. In contrast to other GPCRs, the GnRH-R does not show rapid desensitization of total inositol (IP) production, and the rates of internalization are exceptionally slow. We investigated(More)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder characterized by severe physical and mental fatigue and fatiguability of central rather than peripheral origin. We hypothesized that CFS is mediated by changes in hypothalamopituitary function and so measured the adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol, growth hormone, and prolactin responses to(More)
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and central 5-HT function were compared in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), depression and healthy states. 10 patients with CFS and 15 patients with major depression were matched for age, weight, sex and menstrual cycle with 25 healthy controls. Baseline-circulating cortisol levels were highest in the depressed,(More)
The effects of pindolol pretreatment (2 days) on prolactin and cortisol responses to a single dose of (+)-fenfluramine (30 mg po) were examined in nine healthy male volunteers. Pindolol pretreatment attenuated the (+)-fenfluramine-induced increase in prolactin concentrations but failed to affect the (+)-fenfluramine-induced cortisol increase. These data(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with both reduced central 5-HT function and an increased incidence of depression. This study tested the hypothesis that the reduced 5-HT function returns to normal with thyroxine replacement therapy. Seven hypothyroid patients were tested before and after adequate thyroxine replacement. Cortisol and prolactin responses to(More)
The gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH-R) desensitizes following chronic exposure to GnRH or its agonists. However, it is not certain whether the GnRH-R undergoes rapid homologous desensitization analogous to other members of the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. This study investigated rapid desensitization events in two cell lines(More)