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Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV/CD26 (DPP IV) is a cell-surface protease belonging to the prolyloligopeptidase family. It selectively removes the N-terminal dipeptide from peptides with proline or alanine in the second position. Apart from its catalytic activity, it interacts with several proteins, for instance, adenosine deaminase, the HIV gp120 protein,(More)
Chemokines coordinate many aspects of leukocyte migration. As chemoattractants they play an important role in the innate and acquired immune response. There is good experimental evidence that N-terminal truncation by secreted or cell surface proteases is a way of modulating chemokine action. The localization of CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV on cell surfaces(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has suggested the in vivo formation of a truncated form, BNP (3-32), also called des-SerPro-BNP. The objectives of this study were to investigate (a) whether BNP and other natriuretic peptides are truncated by dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26; EC and (b) whether this truncation(More)
A series of N-acylated glycyl-(2-cyano)pyrrolidines were synthesized with the aim of generating structure-activity relationship (SAR) data for this class of compounds as inhibitors of fibroblast activation protein (FAP). Specifically, the influence of (1) the choice of the N-acyl group and (2) structural modification of the 2-cyanopyrrolidine residue were(More)
The kinetics of colchicine binding to tubulin has been studied, using a fluorescence stopped flow. The measurements of Garland (Garland, D. L. (1978) Biochemistry 17, 4266-4272) have been extended to high colchicine concentrations and different temperatures. The appearance of fluorescence is biphasic. Both phases depend in a nonlinear way on colchicine(More)
The function of prolyl oligopeptidase (PO) has been associated with several disorders of the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to identify endogenous substrates for recombinant porcine PO in porcine brain. The smaller polypeptides were extracted from total brain homogenates and fractionated by two-dimensional chromatography prior to(More)
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is a serine protease that is generally accepted to play an important role in tumor growth and other diseases involving tissue remodeling. Currently there are no FAP inhibitors with reported selectivity toward both the closely related dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) and prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP). We present the discovery(More)
  • A M Lambeir
  • CNS & neurological disorders drug targets
  • 2011
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PO) interacts with α-syncline in vitro. It is a weak interaction that induces a nucleation prone conformation of α-synuclein. PO accelerates aggregation and fibril formation of α-syncline in a process that can be reversed by specific inhibitors and is also influenced by an impairing mutation in the PO active site. There is evidence(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PO, E.C. is a post-proline cleaving enzyme with endopeptidase activity towards peptides not longer than 30 amino acids. It has been purified and characterized from various mammalian and bacterial sources, but despite its thorough enzymological and structural characterization, the exact function of PO remains obscure. Many(More)
Biosynthetic thiolase catalyzes the formation of acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA. This is a key step in the synthesis of many biological compounds, including steroid hormones and ketone bodies. The thiolase reaction involves two chemically distinct steps; during acyl transfer, an acetyl group is transferred from acetyl-CoA to Cys89, and in(More)