A M James Shapiro

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BACKGROUND Registry data on patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who undergo pancreatic islet transplantation indicate that only 8 percent are free of the need for insulin therapy at one year. METHODS Seven consecutive patients with type 1 diabetes and a history of severe hypoglycemia and metabolic instability underwent islet transplantation in(More)
Islet transplantation can restore endogenous beta-cell function to subjects with type 1 diabetes. Sixty-five patients received an islet transplant in Edmonton as of 1 November 2004. Their mean age was 42.9 +/- 1.2 years, their mean duration of diabetes was 27.1 +/- 1.3 years, and 57% were women. The main indication was problematic hypoglycemia. Forty-four(More)
BACKGROUND Islet transplantation offers the potential to improve glycemic control in a subgroup of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who are disabled by refractory hypoglycemia. We conducted an international, multicenter trial to explore the feasibility and reproducibility of islet transplantation with the use of a single common protocol (the Edmonton(More)
Clinical islet transplantation is gaining acceptance as a potential therapy, particularly for subjects who have labile diabetes or problems with hypoglycemic awareness. The risks of the procedure and long-term outcomes are still not fully known. We have performed 54 islet transplantation procedures on 30 subjects and have detailed follow-up in 17(More)
In an attempt to reduce the variability in the yields of human islets isolations and to identify donor factors that were potentially deleterious, we retrospectively reviewed 153 human islets isolations in our center over a 3-year period. Isolations were performed using controlled collagenase perfusion via the duct, automated dissociation, and Ficoll(More)
Currently, the major indications for solitary islet transplantation are recurrent severe hypoglycemia and labile glucose control. Quantifying these problems remains subjective. We have developed a scoring system for both hypoglycemia and glycemic lability, established normative data, and used them in patients who have undergone islet transplantation. A(More)
UNLABELLED Liver transplantation is an important treatment option for selected patients with nonresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several reports have suggested a lower risk of posttransplant tumor recurrence with the use of sirolimus and a higher one with calcineurin inhibitors, but the selection of an ideal immunosuppression protocol is still a(More)
PURPOSE To report our experience with percutaneous transhepatic pancreatic islet cell transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between March 1999 and May 2002, 34 patients underwent 68 islet cell transplantation procedures. Patients with C-peptide-negative type 1 diabetes were selected on the basis of poor metabolic(More)
The current scarcity of high-quality deceased pancreas donors prevents widespread application of islet transplantation for treatment of labile type 1 diabetes mellitus. Opportunities for the improvement of current techniques include optimization of islet isolation and purification, use of culture with pharmacological insulinotropic agents, strategies to(More)
Islet transplantation offers the prospect of good glycemic control without major surgical risks. After our initial report of successful islet transplantation, we now provide further data on 12 type 1 diabetic patients with brittle diabetes or problems with hypoglycemia previous to 1 November 2000. Details of metabolic control, acute complications associated(More)