A-M Houllier

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Determining the optimal dose of warfarin for frail elderly patients is a challenging task because of the low dose requirements in such patients, the wide interindividual variability of response, and the associated risk of bleeding. The objective of this study was to address the influence of 13 common variations in eight genes on the maintenance dose of(More)
PURPOSE The tumor suppressor gene p53 plays a crucial role in cell cycle control and apoptosis in response to DNA damages. p53 gene mutations and allelic losses at 17p are one of the most common genetic alterations in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Alterations of the p53 gene have been shown to contribute to carcinogenesis and drug(More)
Mitochondrial DNA mutations have been reported in several types of tumours, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The noncoding region of the Displacement-Loop (D-Loop) has emerged as a mutational hotspot and we recently found that they were associated with prognosis and response to 5 fluorouracil (5FU) in colon cancers. In order to(More)
Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) is implicated in the metabolism of azathioprine. The consequences of differential TPMT activity induction by azathioprine on the long-term results after renal transplantation were investigated. The erythrocyte TPMT activity in 82 patients on days 0, 7, and 30 was prospectively evaluated. Because various patterns of TPMT(More)
Cytidine deaminase activity was determined by a radioisotopic assay in extracts of peripheral blood mononuclear cells of normal individuals and of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. The normal enzyme activity had a broad pH optimum between pH 6.5 and 8.0; apparent Km values for cytidine and deoxycytidine were 3.6 +/- 0.6 mumol/l and 26.5 +/- 3.5(More)
The activity of cytidine deaminase markedly increases during the differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by dimethylsulfoxide or 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3, but does not increase when the inducer is retinoic acid. Here it is demonstrated that retinoic acid inhibits the increase in cytidine deaminase activity elicited by the other two inducers. This inhibitory(More)
The anabolism of pyrimidine ribo- and deoxyribonucleosides from uracil and thymine was investigated in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human peripheral blood lymphocytes and in a Burkitt's lymphoma-derived cell line (Raji). We studied the ability of these cells to synthesize pyrimidine nucleosides by ribo- and deoxyribosyl transfer between pyrimidine bases or(More)
An experimental model of adenosine deaminase deficiency was established on the human T cell line Jurkat by using 2'-deoxycoformycin, a strong specific inhibitor of the enzyme. When deoxyadenosine was added to the inhibited cells, the nucleotide profile was modified reproducing that found in lymphocytes from adenosine deaminase-deficient children. The(More)
The intermediary metabolism of pyrimidine nucleosides was studied in a line of human B lymphoblasts (Raji) in which pyrimidine de novo synthesis deficiency was pharmacologically induced by pyrazofurin. It was found that Raji cells are cytidine deaminase deficient that cytidine has a synergistic effect on the toxicity of pyrazofurin towards these cytidine(More)
We studied the ability of purine compounds to restore the proliferation of concanavalin-A-stimulated rat T-lymphocytes under conditions of purine de novo synthesis inhibition and, on the other hand, the inhibition by purine nucleosides of the response of these cells to a mitogenic stimulation under conditions of normal purine de novo synthesis. The use of(More)