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l This article provides an up-to-date perspective on the use of anion-exchange membranes in fuel cells, electrolysers, redox flow batteries, reverse electrodialysis cells, and bioelectrochemical systems (e.g. microbial fuel cells). The aim is to highlight key concepts, misconceptions, the current state-of-the-art, technological and scientific limitations,(More)
We demonstrate that the true hydroxide conductivity in an e-beam grafted poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) [ETFE] anion exchange membrane (AEM) is as high as 132 mS cm(-1) at 80 °C and 95% RH, comparable to a proton exchange membrane, but with very much less water present in the film. To understand this behaviour we studied ion transport of hydroxide,(More)
  • Melissa A. Vandiver, Benjamin R. Caire, +5 authors Matthew W. Liberatorea
  • 2014
Alkali anion exchange membrane (AEM) based devices have the potential for electrochemical energy conversion using inexpensive catalysts and a variety of fuel types. Membrane stability and anion transport must be improved in AEMs before these devices can be fully realized. Mechanical failure of the membrane can contribute to failure of the device, thus(More)
Variations in the viscosity and other physical properties of heavy oils are poorly understood. The viscosities measured for different heavy oils can vary by orders of magnitude even at the same API gravity, which is the standard metric for lighter oils. Heavy oils are viscoelastic materials, and the shear modulus and the viscosity are coupled. Understanding(More)
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