A. M. Healy

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: Milk samples from 285 cows in 15 dairy herds were collected for bacteriological analysis. Cows were selected on the basis of a somatic cell count (SCC) exceeding 200,000 cells per ml at the three most recent milk recordings prior to sampling. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus uberis were the predominant isolates accounting for 21% (n = 61) and 19%(More)
5-Lipoxygenase catalyzes the synthesis of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid. This enzyme can reside either in the cytoplasm or the nucleus; its subcellular distribution is influenced by extracellular factors, and its nuclear import correlates with changes in leukotriene synthetic capacity. To identify sequences responsible for the nuclear import of(More)
Some patients are unable to generate the peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR) necessary to de-agglomerate drug particles from dry powder inhalers (DPIs). In this study we tested the hypothesis that the acoustic parameters of an inhalation are related to the PIFR and hence reflect drug delivery. A sensitivity analysis of the relationship of the acoustics of(More)
: Factors relating to the occurrence of mastitis were studied on 12 Irish dairy herds with histories of elevated somatic cell count (SCC) and/or increased incidence of clinical mastitis cases. Milk recording data were analysed, housing conditions and calving areas were examined; dry cow therapy, clinical mastitis records, milking technique and aspects of(More)
To investigate DSPE-PEG2000-based micellar formulations of salmon calcitonin (sCT) for their ability to improve pulmonary delivery. Micelles were characterised by DLS and 31P-NMR spectroscopy. Stability against sCT degrading peptidases, trypsin, α-chymotrypsin and neutrophil elastase as well as their influence on transepithelial absorption was investigated(More)
Solid-state characterisation of a drug following pharmaceutical processing and upon storage is fundamental to successful dosage form development. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of using different solvents, feed concentrations and spray drier configuration on the solid-state nature of the highly polymorphic model drug, sulfathiazole (ST)(More)
The fate of inhaled salmon calcitonin (sCT) at the respiratory epithelial barrier was studied with particular emphasis on enzymatic degradation by trypsin, chymotrypsin, and neutrophil elastase. Degradation of sCT was assessed by HPLC in cell homogenate, supernatant and intact monolayers of human respiratory epithelial cells (hBEpC, Calu-3, 16HBE14o-, A549)(More)
To formulate and investigate the physicochemical properties, physical stability and aerosolization characteristics of nanoporous/nanoparticulate microparticles (NPMPs) prepared by co-spray drying the sugars raffinose pentahydrate (R) or trehalose dihydrate (T) with the cyclic oligosaccharide hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD). Production of powders was(More)