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Polypeptide growth factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), play a central role in regulating hepatocyte growth both in vivo and in primary culture. To characterize EGF gene expression in the pathogenesis of regenerative cirrhotic fibrosis, we employed biotinylated antisense oligonucleotide probes to localize hepatic mRNA transcripts in situ. In(More)
Experiments undertaken to investigate the binding of epidermal growth factor by hepatocyte nuclei showed that: (a) isolated nuclei from both normal and regenerating rat liver are capable of binding 125I-epidermal growth factor, (b) the nuclear epidermal growth factor-binding protein is similar in molecular weight to the plasma membrane epidermal growth(More)
The liver exhibits a remarkable capacity to regenerate its mass following partial removal or after injury. Transmembrane receptors for epidermal growth factor (EGF) are highly expressed in liver cells, which quickly respond to this polypeptide mitogen by activating an intrinsically low rate of cell division. Although EGF appears to regulate liver growth,(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) regulates cell growth and differentiation through intracellular transduction networks activated by its tyrosine kinase receptor, EGFR. In this report we describe the structure and DNA sequence of transcriptional control regions from both human and Wistar-rat single copy EGF genes and their functional analysis in epithelial cell(More)
An unusual S1-nuclease sensitive microsatellite (STMS) has been found in the single copy, rat polymeric immunoglobulin receptor gene (PIGR) terminal exon. In Fisher rats, elements within or beyond the STMS are expressed variably in the 3' untranslated regions (3'UTRs) of two 'Groups' of PIGR-encoded hepatic mRNAs (pIg-R) during liver regeneration. STMS(More)
In the rat, secretion of polymeric IgA from serum into bile is dependent upon the presence of a functional polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) that acts as a hepatocyte plasma membrane receptor for ligand binding and as a transcellular transport molecule. The objective of this study was to document the developmental maturation and regulation of(More)
The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) transports IgA and IgM across secretory epithelial cells and is essential in external immunity maintenance. We report here the structural characterization of the single-copy rat gene distributed over 30 kb of chromosomal DNA and analysis of its transcriptional control region. RNA sequencing and genomic analysis(More)
Experiments were undertaken to determine whether the method of iodination of epidermal growth factor (EGF) affects its binding to rat liver plasma membranes and its uptake, processing, and secretion into bile by intact rat hepatocytes. EGF was iodinated using one of three oxidative reagents: chloramine T (CT), lactoperoxidase (LP), or monochloride (MC).(More)
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