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T-cell receptors (TCRs) upon binding to peptide-MHC ligands transduce signals in T lymphocytes. Tyrosine phosphorylations in the cytoplasmic domains of the CD3 (gammadeltaepsilon) and zeta subunits of the TCR complex by Src family kinases initiate the signaling cascades via docking and activation of ZAP-70 kinase and other signaling components. We examined(More)
A subset of prolyl oligopeptidases, including dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV or CD26, EC ), specifically cleave off N-terminal dipeptides from substrates having proline or alanine in amino acid position 2. This enzyme activity has been implicated in the regulation of the biological activity of multiple hormones and chemokines, including the insulinotropic(More)
Large-scale transient expression from mammalian cells is a new technology. Breakthroughs have been achieved for non-viral delivery methods: transfections can now be done at the 1-10 L scale with mammalian cells grown in suspension. Production of 1-20 mg/L of recombinant protein have been obtained in stirred bioreactors. Modified alphaviruses have provided a(More)
We evaluated the importance of CD3-zeta ITAMs in T cell responses by breeding the P14 transgenic TCR into mice in which CD3-zeta chains lacking all or part of their ITAMs were genetically substituted for wild-type CD3-zeta chains. In contrast to the H-Y TCR, the P14 TCR permitted the development of peripheral CD8+ T cells harboring signaling-defective(More)
The recent recognition of the presence of rafts in the plasma membrane and of their involvement in cell signaling has strongly stimulated the search for their function in receptor-mediated signal transduction in lymphocytes. Recent progress suggests that a general feature of membrane rafts is to serve as platforms wherein the signaling cascades triggered(More)
Death domain-containing members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family ("death receptors") can induce apoptosis upon stimulation by their natural ligands or by agonistic antibodies. Activated death receptors recruit death domain adapter proteins like Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), and this ultimately leads to proteolytic activation(More)
Thymocyte-activating molecule (THAM) was initially characterized as a developmentally regulated, dimeric cell-surface molecule capable of activating mouse thymocytes and T lymphocytes upon monoclonal antibody (mAb)-mediated cross-linking. We recently obtained structural evidence indicating that this molecule is the mouse homologue of the human T(More)
Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV, CD26, EC, a multifunctional ectoenzyme, is involved not only in the proteolytic cleavage of X-Pro from the NH2 terminus of a variety of biologically active peptides, but also in activation signal transduction and cell matrix adherence processes. We recently characterized mouse DPP IV cDNA and identified the serine(More)