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Bromo analogues of the natural metabolite rebeccamycin with and without a methyl substituent on the imide nitrogen were synthesized. The effects of the drugs on protein kinase C, the binding to DNA, and the effect on topoisomerase I were determined. The drugs' uptake and their antiproliferative activities against P388 leukemia cells sensitive and resistant(More)
Various studies have reported that primary human immunodeficiency viruses seem to be more refractory to neutralization by HIV-positive sera than T cell line-adapted strains. In this study we also show that adaptation of the HIV-1SF-2 strain, produced in PBMCs, to the cell line CEM-SS renders this isolate sensitive to neutralization by almost all the sera(More)
Four patterns of structural alterations were found in lymph nodes (LNs) from rhesus monkeys 17 to 34 months after infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV-mac251). SIV p27gag antigen and viral particles were localized either between the processes of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) or in the cytoplasm of macrophages. In hyperplastic follicles,(More)
In the course of structure-activity relationships on rebeccamycin analogues, a series of compounds bearing a halogenoacetyl substituent were synthesized with the expectation of increasing the interaction with DNA, possibly via covalent reaction with the double helix. Two rebeccamycin analogues bearing an acetyl instead of a bromoacetyl substituent were(More)
In the course of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, patients develop a strong and persistent immune response characterized by the production of HIV-specific antibodies. The aim of our study was to analyze the appearance of autologous and heterologous neutralizing antibodies in the sera of HIV-infected individuals. For this purpose,(More)
The monomeric and symmetrical dimeric 5'-hydrogenphosphonate derivatives of AZT were prepared and evaluated for their inhibitory properties against HIV-1 in several cell lines. The synthesis of the compounds was achieved by reaction of AZT with in situ prepared phosphorus tris(imidazolide) or with phosphonic acid in the presence of pivaloyl chloride. The(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques (RMs) provides a reliable model to study the relationship between lentivirus replication, cellular immune responses, and CD4+ T-cell dynamics. Here we investigated, using SIVmac251-infected RMs of a Chinese genetic background (which experience a slower disease progression than Indian RMs), the(More)
We have proposed that inappropriate induction of programmed cell death (PCD) or apoptosis, a physiological cell-suicide process, may play a role in the pathogenesis of AIDS. This model has been supported by several reports of abnormal levels of PCD in vitro in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected persons. To(More)
Recently several groups reported a dramatic improvement of reporter gene transfection efficiency using a fusogenic peptide, derived from the Influenza hemagglutinin envelop protein. This peptide changes conformation at acidic pH and destabilizes the endosomal membranes thus resulting in an increased cytoplasmic gene delivery. We describe the use of a(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides represent an interesting tool for selective inhibition of gene expression. In order to direct oligonucleotides to specific compartments within the cell, we have investigated the possibility of coupling them to a signal peptide Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL). This sequence should be able to convey oligonucleotides to the endoplasmic(More)