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Macrophages (MF) are the final host cells for multiplication of the intracellular parasite Leishmania major (L. major). However, polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMN), not MF, are the first leukocytes that migrate to the site of infection and encounter the parasites. Our previous studies indicated that PMN phagocytose but do not kill L. major.(More)
During the past few years remarkable progress has been achieved in the understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms leading to vascular inflammation and injury in ANCA-associated vasulitides (AAV): Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS). In this paper we review the immunopathology of these diseases by(More)
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a potentially life-threatening, rare disease. The etiology is unknown. GPA is histomorphologically characterized by extravascular necrotizing granulomatous inflammation and a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of small to medium-sized vessels. Clinically, a pulmonary-renal syndrome with pulmonary infiltrates, alveolar(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cytokine production patterns of T cell lines (TCL) from patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). METHODS Short-term polyclonal TCL were generated from peripheral blood of patients with CSS or Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and healthy controls (HC). TCL were established in the presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant brain tumor in adults with a median survival of 14.6 mo under the best available treatment. New treatment strategies are therefore urgently required, for which a profound understanding of tumor biology is necessary. Much effort has been devoted to tumor-specific aberrant signaling processes. Recently it(More)
The obligate intracellular pathogen Leishmania major survives and multiplies in professional phagocytes. The evasion strategy to circumvent killing by host phagocytes and establish a productive infection is poorly understood. Here we report that the virulent inoculum of Leishmania promastigotes contains a high ratio of annexin A5-binding apoptotic(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) directed against proteinase 3 (PR3) are highly specific for Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). Evidence for a pivotal role of PR3-ANCA in the induction of vasculitis has been demonstrated. B cell clusters have been observed within endonasal biopsy specimens. OBJECTIVES To determine whether B cell(More)
To elucidate whether the fraction of CD28(-) T cells within the CD4(+) T-cell population is a major source of Th1-like and proinflammatory cytokine production driving Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) granuloma formation, we analyzed the phenotype and functional characteristics of peripheral blood CD4(+)CD28(-) T cells and of T cells in granulomatous lesions of(More)