A. Lyoussi

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The objective of this study is to develop nuclear heating measurement methods in Zero Power experimental reactors. This paper presents the analysis of Thermo-Luminescent Detector (TLD) and Optically Stimulated Luminescent Detectors (OSLD) experiments in the UO<inf>2</inf> core of the MINERVE research reactor at the CEA Cadarache. The experimental sources of(More)
Online nuclear measurements inside experimental channels of MTRs are needed for experimental works (to design set-ups) and for numerical works (input data) in order to better understanding complex phenomena occurring during the accelerated ageing of materials and the irradiation of nuclear fuel. In this paper we focus only on one kind of measurements:(More)
Radiation detectors based on radiation-hardened semiconductor such as silicon carbide (SiC), have received considerable attention in many applications such as in outer space, high energy physics experiments, gas and oil prospection, and nuclear reactors. For the first time it was demonstrated the reliability of thermal neutron detectors realized by standard(More)
The CEA is deeply involved in a research program (Material Testing Reactors, Zero Power Reactors) concerning the nuclear fuel advanced studies (actinides, plutonium), the waste management, the scientific and technical support of running French PWR reactors and EPR reactor, and innovating systems. In this framework, specific neutron integral experiments have(More)
The tritium breeding blanket is an essential part of a future DT fusion power reactor. Test Blanket Modules (TBM) will be installed in the experimental reactor ITER with the aim to investigate the nuclear performance of different designs. Currently there is no qualified neutronics instrumentation for the TBMs which is able to withstand the harsh environment(More)
Spectral indices are parameters of major importance to characterize a multiplying medium and to evaluate performances of neutronics calculation tools as well as quality of associated nuclear data. Experiments performed in 2004 at the CEA MINERVE facility loaded with the R1-UO2 lattice [1], using homemade miniature fission chambers and calibration data(More)
We study the combined analysis of nuclear measurements to improve the knowledge of the irradiation conditions in the experimental locations of the future Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR). The goal of the present work is to measure more accurately neutron flux, photon flux and nuclear heating in the reactor. In a Material Testing Reactor (MTR), nuclear heating(More)
Online in-pile measurement methods are crucial during irradiations in material testing reactors to better understand the behavior of materials under accelerated ageing conditions and of nuclear fuels under high irradiation levels. Thus, the construction of a new Material Testing Reactor such as the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) leads to new research and(More)
In this paper, we propose a new device detector based on ion implanted p-n junction in 4H-SiC for nuclear instrumentation. We showed the interest to use 10Boron as a Neutron Converter Layer in order to detect thermal neutrons. We present the main results obtained during irradiation tests performed in the Belgian Reactor 1. We show the capability of our(More)
Nuclear heating is a key parameter which contributes to the thermal design and the quality of in-pile experiments performed in Material Testing Reactors (MTRs) for the study of nuclear materials and fuels under irradiation. Nuclear heating is typically measured in MTRs by radiometric calorimeters. However this kind of sensor has to be suited and improved in(More)