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Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease: Report of the first case clinically identified and genetically confirmed in Central Africa (Kinshasa-Congo): Type 1 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA1) or Werdnig-Hoffman disease is rarely described in black populations. We report on one black patient diagnosed in Kinshasa. This patient was referred to Paediatric consultation at the age(More)
Deletions in chromosome 14q22-23 have been associated with variable manifestations including malformations of the eye, limbs, palate, and brain, and with developmental and growth delay. Haploinsufficiency of BMP4, OTX2 and possibly SIX6 are thought to contribute to the phenotype. We present a three generation family with four individuals carrying a 2.79 Mb(More)
Adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) is a rare disease. The X-linked form of AHC is caused by deletions or mutations in DAX1 gene and has a variable clinical presentation. To date, no data on X-linked AHC in central Africa are available. Here, we report a Congolese pedigree with several cases of unexplained deaths of male infants. A careful analysis of the(More)
Trisomy 13 is a chromosomal disorder characterized by a severe clinical picture of multiple congenital anomalies. We here describe the clinical and genetic features and prognosis observed in a newborn with trisomy 13 from Central Africa. He presented the rare feature of preaxial polydactyly of the feet.
Apert syndrome (OMIM 101200) is a rare genetic condition characterized by craniosynostosis and syndactyly of hands and feet with clinical variability. Two single nucleotides mutations in the linker region between the immunoglobulin-like domains II and IIIa of the ectodomainin the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 gene (FGFR2, OMIM 176943) are responsible(More)
Patients with Williams-Beuren Syndrome can be recognized clinically, given the characteristic dysmorphism, intellectual disability, and behavior. We report on a Congolese boy with typical WBS facial characteristics. He suffered meningitis and coma at the age of 2 years then subsequently presented with profound intellectual disability and atypical behavior.(More)
The evaluation of facial dysmorphism is a critical step toward reaching a diagnostic. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability to interpret facial morphology in African children with intellectual disability (ID). First, 10 experienced clinicians (five from Africa and five from Europe) rated gestalt in 127 African non-Down Syndrome (non-DS)(More)
BACKGROUND Information about the association with alpha thalassemia in sickle cell patients is unknown in the Democratic Republic of Congo. There is very little data on the alpha thalassemia in patients suffering from sickle cell anemia in Central Africa, and their consequences on the clinical expression of the disease. METHODS A cross-sectional study was(More)
KEY CLINICAL MESSAGE We report on three related Congolese popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS) patients concordant only for the skinfold over the toenail. Mutation analysis revealed that the three affected individuals carried a heterozygous missense mutation in the Exon 4, NM_006147.2:c.250C>T; p.Arg84Cys. This is the first molecularly confirmed PPS family(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate the distribution of selected BCL11A and HMIP polymorphisms (SNP's), and to assess the correlation with HPFH in a cohort of sickle cell patients. METHODS A preliminary cross-sectional study was conducted in 102 patients. Group 1 was composed of patients with HPFH and Group 2 consisted of patients without HbF. We assessed(More)