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PURPOSE This goal of this research was to develop and evaluate the psychometrics of a health-related quality of life scale developed to address issues related specifically to fecal incontinence, the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale. METHODS The Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale is composed of a total of 29 items; these items form four(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate a severity rating score for fecal incontinence, the Fecal Incontinence Severity Index. METHODS The Fecal Incontinence Severity Index is based on a type x frequency matrix. The matrix includes four types of leakage commonly found in the fecal incontinent population: gas, mucus, and liquid and(More)
Faecal incontinence can affect individuals of all ages and in many cases greatly impairs quality of life, but incontinent patients should not accept their debility as either inevitable or untreatable. Education of the general public and of health-care providers alike is important, because most cases are readily treatable. Many cases of mild incontinence(More)
PURPOSE Traumatic sphincter disruption frequently is associated with a rectovaginal fistula, but the effect of a persistent sphincter defect on the outcome of rectovaginal fistula repair is poorly documented. We analyzed the outcome of rectovaginal fistula repairs based on preoperative sphincter status. PATIENTS AND METHODS We identified 52 women who(More)
BACKGROUND Human studies have shown that dietary fiber affects stool composition and consistency. Because fecal incontinence has been shown to be exacerbated by liquid stools or diarrhea, management strategies that make stool consistency less loose or liquid may be useful. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a fiber supplement containing psyllium, gum(More)
PURPOSE Subtotal colectomy reliably increases bowel-movement frequency in patients with slow-transit constipation, but its impact on quality of life is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between functional outcomes and quality of life after subtotal colectomy for slow-transit constipation. METHODS We reviewed the charts and(More)
UNLABELLED Optional treatment for complete rectal prolapse remains controversial. PURPOSE We reviewed our experience over a 19-year period to assess trends in choice of operation, recurrence rates, and functional results. METHODS We identified 372 patients who underwent surgery for complete rectal prolapse between 1976 and 1994. Charts were reviewed and(More)
PURPOSE Anal sphincter injury is a serious complication of childbirth, which may result in persistent anal incontinence. Occult injuries, visualized with endoanal ultrasonography, have previously been reported in up to 35 percent of females in a British study. The aim of the present study was to study anal sphincter morphology and function before and after(More)
PURPOSE Anal sphincter replacement offers a new treatment option for patients with severe refractory fecal incontinence or for those who require abdominoperineal resection for localized malignancy. The purpose of this study was to review the current status of anal sphincter replacement, formulate a consensus statement regarding its current use, and outline(More)
The results of 81 endorectal flap advancements for simple rectovaginal fistulas are reported. Simple fistulas are defined as less than 2.5 cm in diameter, low or mid vaginal septum in location, and infectious or traumatic in origin. Essentially, the technique is advancement of a flap of mucosa, submucosa, and circular muscle over midline approximation of(More)