A. Lipman

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BACKGROUND Opioids are used increasingly in the management of moderate-to-severe chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). Opioid-induced bowel disorders (OBD) markedly impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and frequently limit medically indicated opioid pharmacotherapy. We assessed the risk factors, and effect of OBD on HRQoL in CNCP patients. We also(More)
Enriched enrolment, randomised withdrawal (EERW) pain trials select, before randomisation, patients who respond by demonstrating a predetermined degree of pain relief and acceptance of adverse events. There is uncertainty over the value of this design. We report a systematic review of EERW trials in chronic noncancer pain together with a critical appraisal(More)
Chronic pain produces major functional disability and quality-of-life impairment. Monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in chronic pain patients during treatment is of great importance. Nevertheless, monitoring individual chronic pain patients remains a challenge due to the lack of a validated and efficient HRQoL assessment(More)
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) have been found to be useful in the management of a variety of chronic pain conditions, although there is little published regarding the potential efficacy of this class of drug as an adjunct for the control of acute postoperative pain and related symptoms. Twenty-eight patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty(More)
A consensus document on frequently asked questions, answers and references relating to the use and abuse o f prescription analgesics was released to the public in August 2004 by the Drug Enforcement Administration, Last Acts Partnership, and the Pain & Policies Study Group of the University of Wisconsin. This document provides clear answers to common(More)
The mechanism of action of opioids and clinically relevant differences among the opioid analgesics are described. Both endorphins (endogenous morphine-like substances) and exogenous opioids (opium alkaloids and their derivatives) bind to opioid receptors in the human central nervous system to provide analgesia and other effects. Some drugs, such as(More)
The duration and depth of anesthesia produced by lidocaine with three methods of administration were studied. To test duration of anesthesia, either lidocaine or placebo was administered by iontophoresis, subcutaneous infiltration, or swabbing to each of three sites 3 cm apart on the flexor surface of each forearm of 27 subjects. To test for feeling, the(More)