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Two toll-like receptors (TLR3 and TLR5) were identified from a catfish cDNA fry library based on sequence similarity to other vertebrate TLR genes. Expression (using real-time PCR) of TLR3 and TLR5 was measured for two strains of channel catfish in previously non-exposed fish 2, 5, 8, and 21 days after experimental Edwardsiella ictaluri challenge to(More)
The ghrelin peptide and cDNA encoding precursor protein were isolated from the stomach of a channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Catfish ghrelin is a 22-amino acid peptide with a sequence of GSSFLSPTQKPQNRGDRKPPRV. The third serine residue has been modified by n-decanoic acid and unsaturated fatty acids; however, an octanoylated form could not be(More)
Insulin-like growth factors-I and-II (IGF-I and IGF-II) play important roles in growth and development of mammals. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition molecules that orchestrate the induction of early innate immune response by recognition of specific sequences. Evidence is growing that suggests a relationship between growth and immune(More)
Pathogen loads, clearance and plasma cortisol response in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque), following challenge with Edwardsiella ictaluri Enteric septicaemia of catfish (ESC), caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Edwardsiella ictaluri (Hawke 1979), is the most prevalent disease affecting farm-raised catfish in the southeastern United(More)
Periods of stress are often associated with disease outbreaks in cultured fish, and stress is often characterized by the secretion of cortisol. Although stress and cortisol secretion are highly correlated in fish, the role of cortisol in affecting channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) pathogen susceptibility is unclear. The effects of short-term stress and(More)
In order to support analysis of channel catfish populations and genetic improvement programs, the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, mitochondrial genome was completely sequenced and revealed gene structure and gene order common to vertebrates. Nucleotide sequence comparisons of cytochrome b (Cytb) and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) demonstrated(More)
Responses of toll-like receptors (TLR3 and TLR5), lysozyme, and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) to experimental challenge with virulent Edwardsiella ictaluri were measured in back-cross hybrid (F1 male (blue x channel) x female channel) catfish. The resistance levels to E. ictaluri and host response mechanisms of back-cross hybrids are unknown. Fish(More)
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There has been much recent interest in the extent to which marine planktonic larvae connect local populations demographically and genetically. Uncertainties about the true extent of larval dispersal have impeded our understanding of the ecology and evolution of marine species as well as our attempts to effectively manage marine populations. Because direct(More)