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The mushroom bodies (MBs) are prominent structures in the Drosophila brain that are essential for olfactory learning and memory. Characterization of the development and projection patterns of individual MB neurons will be important for elucidating their functions. Using mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker (Lee, T. and Luo, L. (1999) Neuron 22,(More)
Neurotransmitter release at many central synapses is initiated by an influx of calcium ions through P/Q-type calcium channels, which are densely localized in nerve terminals. Because neurotransmitter release is proportional to the fourth power of calcium concentration, regulation of its entry can profoundly influence neurotransmission. N- and P/Q-type(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Currently available Helicobacter pylori models show variable and, in some instances, poor colonization. There is a need for a strain with high colonizing ability to act as a standard for animal studies. METHODS After screening a range of fresh clinical isolates and long-term adaptation in mice, a strain of H. pylon has been isolated with(More)
Whole-cell assays were implemented to search for efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) of the three multidrug resistance efflux pumps (MexAB-OprM, MexCD-OprJ, MexEF-OprN) that contribute to fluoroquinolone resistance in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Secondary assays were developed to identify lead compounds with exquisite activities as inhibitors. A(More)
The concept of a Medical Emergency Team was developed in order to rapidly identify and manage seriously ill patients at risk of cardiopulmonary arrest and other high-risk conditions. The aim of this study was to describe the utilization and outcome of Medical Emergency Team interventions over a one-year period at a teaching hospital in South Western Sydney.(More)
Serine/threonine phosphorylation of IRS-1 might inhibit insulin signaling, but the relevant phosphorylation sites are difficult to identify in cultured cells and to validate in isolated tissues. Recently, we discovered that recombinant NH2-terminal Jun kinase phosphorylates IRS-1 at Ser307, which inhibits insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of(More)
Complementary DNA clones encoding two distinct tumor necrosis factor receptors were isolated from a mouse macrophage cDNA library. The cDNA for murine tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (mTNF-R1) predicts a mature polypeptide of 425 amino acids that is 64% identical to its human counterpart, whereas the cDNA of murine tumor necrosis factor receptor type(More)
Wild-type Arabidopsis seedlings are capable of following two developmental programs: photomorphogenesis in the light and skotomorphogenesis in darkness. Screening of Arabidopsis mutants for constitutive photomorphogenic development in darkness resulted in the identification of three new loci designated COP8, COP10, and COP11. Detailed examination of the(More)
We have completed a genome wide linkage scan using >5700 informative single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers (Illumina IV SNP linkage panel) in 642 Caucasian families containing affected sibling pairs with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ascertained by the North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium. The results show striking new evidence of linkage at(More)
Trains of action potentials cause Ca(2+)-dependent facilitation and inactivation of presynaptic P/Q-type Ca(2+) channels that can alter synaptic efficacy. A potential mechanism for these effects involves calmodulin, which associates in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner with the pore-forming alpha(1A) subunit. Here, we report that Ca(2+) and calmodulin dramatically(More)