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—The use of space-division multiple access (SDMA) in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communications network can provide a substantial gain in system throughput. The challenge in such multiuser systems is designing transmit vectors while considering the co-channel interference of other users. Typical optimization(More)
—Recent theoretical results describing the sum capacity when using multiple antennas to communicate with multiple users in a known rich scattering environment have not yet been followed with practical transmission schemes that achieve this capacity. We introduce a simple encoding algorithm that achieves near-capacity at sum rates of tens of bits/channel(More)
Most previously proposed statistical models for the indoor multipath channel include only time of arrival characteristics. However, in order to use statistical models in simulating or analyzing the performance of array processing or diversity combining, it also necessary to know the statistics of the angle of arrival and its correlation with time of(More)
—Recent theoretical results describing the sum-capacity when using multiple antennas to communicate with multiple users in a known rich scattering environment have not yet been followed with practical transmission schemes that achieve this capacity. We introduce a simple encoding algorithm that achieves near-capacity at sum-rates of tens of bits/channel(More)
—This paper presents a general framework for space-time codes (STCs) that encompasses a number of recently proposed STC schemes as special cases. The STCs considered are block codes that employ arbitrary redundant linear precoding of a given data sequence together with embedded training symbols, if any. The redundancy introduced by the linear precoding(More)
—Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communications refers to the idea equipping cellular base stations (BSs) with a very large number of antennas, and has been shown to potentially allow for orders of magnitude improvement in spectral and energy efficiency using relatively simple (linear) processing. In this paper, we present a(More)
ESPRIT is a recently developed technique for high-resolution signal parameter estimation with applications to direction of arrival estimation and time series analysis. By exploiting invariances designed into the sensor array, parameter estimates are obtained directly, without knowledge of the array response and without computation or search of some spectral(More)
Wireless communications using multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems enable increased spectral efficiency for a given total transmit power. The increased capacity is achieved through the introduction of additional spatial channels (space-time coding). In this paper, MIMO capacity is calculated as a function of environmental factors , including(More)