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OBJECTIVE To assist health professionals who counsel patients with overweight and obesity, a systematic review was undertaken to determine types of weight-loss interventions that contribute to successful outcomes and to define expected weight-loss outcomes from such interventions. DESIGN A search was conducted for weight-loss-focused randomized clinical(More)
CONTEXT There is growing pressure to avoid hospitalizing emergency department patients who can be treated safely as outpatients, but this strategy depends on timely access to follow-up care. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between reported insurance status and access to follow-up appointments for serious conditions that are commonly identified(More)
BACKGROUND The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is a widely used conceptual model for improving chronic illness care, but there is limited evidence to support the validity of this model. Seventeen clinics in a single medical group used the CCM in a diabetes improvement initiative, and the study tested which CCM components at the clinic level were associated with(More)
Immunizations are crucial to the prevention of disease, thus, having an accurate measure of vaccination status for a population is an important guide in targeting prevention efforts. In order to comprehensively assess the validity of self-reported adult vaccination status for the eight most common adult vaccines we conducted a survey of vaccination receipt(More)
INTRODUCTION Physical inactivity, overweight, and obesity are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the proportion of total health care charges associated with physical inactivity, overweight, and obesity among U.S. populations aged 40 years and older. METHODS A predictive model of health care(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of baseline A1c, cardiovascular disease, and depression on subsequent health care costs among adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective analysis was performed of data from a patient survey and medical record review merged with 3 years of medical claims. Costs were estimated(More)
BACKGROUND Better understanding the impact of changes in physical activity behavior on short-term health care charges may inform resource allocation decisions to increase population levels of physical activity. This study examines the prospective relationship of changes in physical activity status on short-term changes in health care charges for older(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to determine the positive and negative predictive values of self-reported diabetes during the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trials. METHODS All WHI trial participants from four field centers who self-reported diabetes at baseline or during follow-up, as well as a random sample of women who did not self-report diabetes,(More)
OBJECTIVE The Keep It Off trial evaluated the efficacy of a phone-based weight loss maintenance intervention among adults who had recently lost weight in Minnesota (2007-2010). METHODS 419 adults who had recently lost ≥ 10% of their body weight were randomized to the "Guided" or "Self-Directed" intervention. Guided participants received a 10 session(More)
Pediatric primary care is an important setting in which to address obesity prevention, yet relatively few interventions have been evaluated and even fewer have been shown to be effective. The development and evaluation of cost-effective approaches to obesity prevention that leverage opportunities of direct access to families in the pediatric primary care(More)