A. Lauren Crain

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OBJECTIVE To assist health professionals who counsel patients with overweight and obesity, a systematic review was undertaken to determine types of weight-loss interventions that contribute to successful outcomes and to define expected weight-loss outcomes from such interventions. DESIGN A search was conducted for weight-loss-focused randomized clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas much is known about single lifestyle-related health risk factor prevalence and covariates, more research is needed to elucidate the interactions among multiple healthy lifestyle factors and variables that may predict adherence to these factors. Such data may guide both clinical and health policy decision making and person-centered(More)
CONTEXT There is growing pressure to avoid hospitalizing emergency department patients who can be treated safely as outpatients, but this strategy depends on timely access to follow-up care. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between reported insurance status and access to follow-up appointments for serious conditions that are commonly identified(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of baseline A1c, cardiovascular disease, and depression on subsequent health care costs among adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective analysis was performed of data from a patient survey and medical record review merged with 3 years of medical claims. Costs were estimated(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the impact of electronic medical record (EMR) implementation on quality of diabetes care. METHODS We conducted a 5-year longitudinal study of 122 adults with diabetes mellitus at an intervention (EMR) clinic and a comparison (non-EMR) clinic. Clinics had similarly trained primary care physicians, similar patient(More)
BACKGROUND The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is a widely used conceptual model for improving chronic illness care, but there is limited evidence to support the validity of this model. Seventeen clinics in a single medical group used the CCM in a diabetes improvement initiative, and the study tested which CCM components at the clinic level were associated with(More)
PURPOSE We wanted to test whether improvements in care quality were correlated with changes in the Chronic Care Model (CCM) in a large medical group that attempted to implement the CCM. METHODS The leaders of 17 primary care clinics in this medical group completed the Assessing Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) survey measure of CCM implementation before and(More)
BACKGROUND Translational research is increasingly important as academic health centers transform themselves to meet new requirements of National Institutes of Health funding. Most attention has focused on T1 translation studies (bench to bedside) with considerable uncertainty about how to enhance T2 (effectiveness trials) and especially T3 (implementation(More)
PURPOSE In this study, we compared the rate of depression diagnoses in adults with and without diabetes mellitus, while carefully controlling for number of primary care visits. METHODS We matched adults with incident diabetes (n = 2,932) or prevalent diabetes (n = 14,144) to nondiabetic control patients based on (1) age and sex, or (2) age, sex, and(More)
Hmong refugees with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) have poor glycemic control. For Hmong adults with DM2, group visits were instituted at a community health center and evaluated for their influence on diabetes management. Pre- and postintervention measures of physical health, mental health, and behavior were collected on 39 participants (64% participation(More)