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The water footprint by the Water Footprint Network (WF) is an ambitious tool for measuring human appropriation and promoting sustainable use of fresh water. Using recent case studies and examples from water-abundant Fennoscandia, we consider whether it is an appropriate tool for evaluating the water use of forestry and forest-based products. We show that(More)
Finland has committed to both increasing timber production and decreasing the nutrient loading caused by forestry, which calls for development of methods to assess environmental impacts of forest management. A simulation model based on the concept of a typical hillslope is applied to describe water and nitrogen processes in a forested catchment. Application(More)
This paper combines an empirical paired-catchment method with hydrological simulation techniques in quantifying and explaining the influence of forest removal on streamflow generation. The pair of catchments (56 and 29 ha) is located in a northern boreal zone in eastern Finland. As the first part of the study, measured streamflows from the two catchments,(More)
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