A. L. Shvartsman

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Accumulation of cholesterol in arterial wall macrophages is a main hallmark of atherosclerosis. The ABCG1 transporter mediates cholesterol efflux to high density lipoproteins (HDL) and plays an important role in macrophage foam cell formation. The goal of our study was to investigate the potential role of ABCG1 in atherosclerosis development in humans.(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of neurocortical and hippocampal synapses that precedes amyloidosis and neurodegeneration and closely correlates with memory impairment. Mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) cause familial AD and result in the increased production of amyloid-beta-protein (Abeta).(More)
The activity of hexokinase was studied in several normal and malignant human tissues. The enzyme activity in tumors was significantly higher. Isoenzyme studies on normal gastric mucosa and stomach cancer extracts showed that malignancy is accompanied by a "simplification" of the hexokinase isoenzyme pattern due to "deletion" of the slowest isoenzyme.(More)
Protein transduction domain (PTD)-peptides greatly facilitate the delivery of high molecular weight macromolecules across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This BBB-transport function is highly desirable and helps to enable the development of new therapeutics for treatment of brain disorders. However, the drug discovery process is limited by the generation of(More)
The contribution of different rat organs to the synthesis of ceruloplasmin (Cp) was studied. Dot hybridization with the use of the Cp cDNA probe revealed Cp mRNA sequences in RNA preparations from liver, heart, kidney as well as from different divisions of brain, the concentration of Cp mRNA sequences being maximal in the liver. Polyribosomes isolated from(More)
In some patients with stable and unstable angina pectoris and in some donors without clinical manifestations of cardiovascular diseases and other pathologies, spontaneous platelet aggregation was completely suppressed by glycoprotein IIb-IIIa antagonists blocking the interaction of this glycoprotein with fibrinogen. Antibodies inhibiting binding of(More)
With the aim to detect genetic factors of risk of development of early myocardial infarction (MI) we studied 29 allele variants of 19 genes in 206 men who had survived MI in the age before 45 years and in 195 men of similar age without cardiovascular diseases. All subjects were inhabitants of North-West region of Russia. The following factors were(More)
Inheritance of Taq I, BstE II, and Nco I restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in three families from St. Petersburg with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) was studied. In two of these families, polymorphic markers of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene cosegregated with the disease. This data confirmed FH diagnosis based on the(More)
Polymorphism in the restriction fragments length of human DNA sequences linked to mucoviscidosis locus was studied in the healthy control group and in the families affected by mucoviscidosis. The plasmid clones metH, pJ3.11,XV-2c and pKM.19 were used as hybridization probes. The allelic frequencies of the polymorphic loci were determined for total(More)
Mapping of ceruloplasmin gene in human and mouse chromosomes was carried out using the cloned fragments of rat chromosomal ceruloplasmin gene and of ceruloplasmin cDNA as specific hybridization probes. DNA probes were nick-translated with 125I-dCTP up to the high specific capacity. The number of silver grains as well as their distribution along the(More)