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Although it has been known for half a century that unique structures evolved in the cerebellum of anthropoid apes and became greatly enlarged in the human brain, the function of these structures still remains unknown. In an attempt to explain their function, a new concept of cerebellar capabilities is proposed, which is based both on neural evidence and on(More)
Although the cerebellum has traditionally been regarded as a motor mechanism, recent behavioral evidence indicates that the human cerebellum is involved in a wider range of functions: in learning, in planning, in judging time, in some emotional and cognitive disorders such as autism, and in some normal mental activities such as the cognitive processing of(More)
In this review of the human cerebro-cerebellar system, the focus is on the possible contributions of the cerebellum to cognitive and language functions. The role of the cerebellum in these human functions has tended to be obscured by the traditional preoccupation with the motor functions of the cerebellum, which have been widely observed in other(More)
Can the principles underlying the design of computers help to explain the cognitive capabilities of the human brain? This chapter shows that these principles can provide insight into the capabilities of the human cerebellum, the internal structure of which bears a remarkable resemblance to the design of a versatile computer. In computers, information(More)
Traditionally, the human cerebellum has been regarded as a motor mechanism, but this view of its function is being challenged by a growing body of data on the non-motor functions of the cerebellum. Some of these data are presented in this article, which reviews neuroanatomical, neuroimaging and behavioral reports of cerebellar involvement in cognitive and(More)
In the cerebro-cerebellar system of anthropoid apes and humans, the cerebellum seems able to contribute not only to motor skills but also to mental and language skills. Anatomical evidence suggests that in these species the cerebellum can function at two different hierarchical levels. At a lower level, the cerebellum can supply signals to the frontal motor(More)
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