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The complete sequence of plasmid pEA29 from Erwinia amylovora strain Ea88 consists of 28,185 bp with a 50.2% G+C content. As deletions and insertions were detected in other derivatives of pEA29, its size actually varied from 27.6 to 34.9 kb. Thirteen open reading frames that encoded predicted proteins with similarities to known proteins from other bacteria(More)
A class II Tn3-type transposable element, designated Tn5393 and located on plasmid pEa34 from streptomycin-resistant strain CA11 of Erwinia amylovora, was identified by its ability to move from pEa34 to different sites in plasmids pGEM3Zf(+) and pUCD800. Nucleotide sequence analysis reveals that Tn5393 consists of 6,705 bp with 81-bp terminal inverted(More)
Pili are required for protein and/or DNA transfer from bacteria to recipient plant or bacterial cells, based on genetic evidence. However, it has never been shown directly that the effector proteins or DNA are localized along or inside the pili in situ. Failure to visualize an association of effector proteins/DNA with pili is the central issue in the debate(More)
Deletions in either of the genes in the strA-strB gene pair of Erwinia amylovora plasmid pEa34 resulted in a dramatic decrease in streptomycin resistance (SmR), but SmR was restored to high levels by complementation. When strA and strB were cloned separately on a lacIq/Ptac-based expression vector in Escherichia coli, only the protein encoded by strA was(More)
The process of T-DNA transfer from Agrobacterium tumefaciens to plant cells is thought to involve passage of a DNA-protein complex through a specialized structure in the bacterial membrane. The virB operon of A. tumefaciens encodes 11 proteins, of which 9 are known to be located in the membranes and 10 have been shown to be essential for virulence. Sequence(More)
The mechanism of DNA transmission between distinct organisms has remained a subject of long-standing interest. Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediates the transfer of plant oncogenes in the form of a 25-kb T-DNA sector of a resident Ti plasmid. A growing body of evidence leading to the elucidation of the mechanism involved in T-DNA transfer comes from studies on(More)
Streptomycin- and sulfonamide-resistant Erwinia amylovora CA3R from California contained an 8.7-kb plasmid, pEa8.7, with a sulII-strA-strB resistance region; furthermore, PCR, sequencing, hybridization, and restriction analyses showed that pEa8.7 was closely related or identical to broad-host-range plasmid RSF1010. Although RSF1010 has been found in a(More)