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Neurodegenerative tauopathies, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), are characterized by insoluble deposits of hyperphosphorylated tau protein within brain neurons. Increased phosphorylation and decreased solubility has been proposed to diminish normal tau stabilization of microtubules (MTs), thereby leading to neuronal dysfunction. Earlier studies have(More)
The ability of bisphosphonates ((HO)(2)P(O)CR(1)R(2)P(O)(OH)(2)) to inhibit bone resorption has been known since the 1960s, but it is only recently that a detailed molecular understanding of the relationship between chemical structures and biological activity has begun to emerge. The early development of chemistry in this area was largely empirical and(More)
Neurons in the brains of those with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and many frontotemporal dementias (FTDs) contain neurofibrillary tangles comprised of hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Tau normally stabilizes microtubules (MTs), and tau misfolding could lead to a loss of this function with consequent MT destabilization and neuronal dysfunction. Accordingly, a(More)
Chlorsulfuron, an inhibitor of acetolactate synthase (EC (TB Ray 1984 Plant Physiol 75: 827-831), markedly inhibited the growth of Lemna minor at concentrations of 10(-8) molar and above, but had no inhibitory effects on growth at 10(-9) molar. At growth inhibitory concentrations, chlorsulfuron caused a pronounced increase in total free amino acid(More)
Tau, a protein that is enriched in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS), is thought to play a critical role in the stabilization of microtubules (MTs). Several neurodegenerative disorders referred to as tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease and certain types of frontotemporal lobar degeneration, are characterized by the intracellular(More)
Inclusions comprised of fibrils of the microtubule- (MT-) associated protein tau are found in the brains of those with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative tauopathies. The pathology that is observed in these diseases is believed to result from the formation of toxic tau oligomers or fibrils and/or from the loss of normal tau function due to(More)
A stereochemistry-controlled suppression of carbolithiation facilitated a regioselective vinyl C-H lithiation of cis-stilbenes allowing routine regio- and stereoselective access to polysubstituted alkenes and heterocycles. This unique selectivity was obtained for numerous directing groups and could be rationalized with DFT computational studies and an(More)
The design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a new phorboxazole analogue, comprising an acetal replacement for the C-ring tetrahdropyran of the natural product and carrying a potency-enhancing C(45-46) vinyl chloride side chain, is described. In addition, the synthesis of (+)-hemi-phorboxazole A and a series of related hemi-phorboxazole A analogues(More)
The (-)-sparteine-mediated enantioselective intermolecular carbolithiation of (E)-2-propenylarylamines allows for the generation of chiral lithiated intermediates which have broad synthetic potential. These intermediates have been exploited in a series of further in situ reactions with electrophiles to generate a collection of products each containing a(More)