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Purified human monocytes release and metabolize endogenous arachidonic acid (20:4) from phospholipid stores when challenged with particulate inflammatory stimuli or the calcium ionophore A23187. Using radiolabeled cultures, the percentage of total [3H]20:4 released was similar with each type of stimulus. However, the spectrum of 20:4 metabolites differed.(More)
Mouse resident pulmonary macrophages were subdivided into alveolar (PAM) and interstitial (PTM) populations on the basis of accessibility to pulmonary lavage, and zymosan-induced arachidonic acid (20:4) metabolism was examined in both populations labeled with [3H]20:4. Maximal phagocytic doses of unopsonized zymosan induced the specific release of 11% of(More)
The lipids of mouse peritoneal macrophages contain high levels (25 mole percent) of esterified arachidonic acid (20:4). Following in vitro exposure to unopsonized zymosan, these cells synthesize and release oxygenated products of 20:4. Maximal levels of zymosan ingestion promote the release of 40-50% of the 20:4 content of cultures without loss of(More)
A method for the radiochemical assay of LTC production by mouse peritoneal macrophages in vitro is presented. The method involves labeling macrophages in culture with [5,6,8,9,11,12,14,15-3H]20:4 followed by stimulation of arachidonic acid (20:4) release under the experimental conditions desired. Radiolabeled leukotriene C (LTC) is recovered from the(More)
Resident mouse peritoneal macrophages release the slow-reacting substance leukotriene C (LTC) on exposure to particulate IgE immune complexes. Because these cells lose their responsiveness to an IgE stimulus after 4 h in culture, maximum release of 20:4 metabolites is observed before this time. However, a similar diminution in 20:4 metabolism was not(More)
We have examined the role of glutathione synthesis and intracellular glutathione content in the formation of leukotriene C (LTC) by mouse peritoneal macrophages. For this purpose, we utilized the drug buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of glutathione synthesis. Thirty minutes after the addition of BSO (200 microM) to macrophage cultures,(More)
Mouse peritoneal macrophages incubated in serumless medium containing a 19:0 or trans-18:1 fatty acid complexed to bovine serum albumin incorporate the exogenous fatty acid supplement into cellular phospholipids. Within 8 hr, 25% of the total phospholipid fatty acids are derived from the supplement, with cell viability remaining greater than 95%. The(More)
The incorporation of saturated fatty acids into the phospholipids of cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages was shown to lead to reduced endocytic activity (Mahoney, E. M., Hamill, A. L., Scott, W. A., and Cohn, Z. A. (1977)Pmc. Natl. A d Sei. U. S. A. 74,4895-4899). More detailed analyses concerning the kinetics of fatty acid substitution, lipid(More)
The steady state GSH content of cultured mouse resident peritoneal macrophages was 34 +/- 5 pmol/microgram of cell protein. Intracellular GSH content decreased concomitantly with zymosan ingestion. The half-life of GSH decreased from 1.9 h in resting cells to 0.58 h during phagocytosis as determined by inhibition of GSH synthesis with buthionine(More)
Microsomes prepared from the wild-type strain and lipid auxotrophs of Neurospora were analyzed for delta 9 - (stearoyl-CoA) and delta 12 - (oleoyl-CoA) desaturase activities. The wild-type delta 9-desaturase was found to have a 20-fold higher specific activity and 2-fold lower activation energy than the delta 12-desaturase. In addition, delta 12-desaturase(More)