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The termination of protein synthesis in ribosomes is governed by termination (stop) codons in messenger RNAs and by polypeptide chain release factors (RFs). Although the primary structure of prokaryotic RFs and yeast mitochrondrial RF is established, that of the only known eukaryotic RF (eRF) remains obscure. Here we report the assignment of a family of(More)
A universal molybdenum-containing cofactor (MoCo) is essential for the activity of all human molybdoenzymes, including sulphite oxidase. The free cofactor is highly unstable, and all organisms share a similar biosynthetic pathway. The involved enzymes exhibit homologies, even between bacteria and humans. We have exploited these homologies to isolate a cDNA(More)
An improved method for preparation of protoplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana cells grown in suspension culture is presented. This method is fast, reliable and can be used for the production of virtually an unlimited number of protoplasts at any time. These protoplasts can be transformed efficiently with RNA from turnip yellow mosaic tymovirus (TYMV) by(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) genomic RNA has been determined on a set of overlapping cDNA clones using a sequential sequencing strategy. The RNA is 6318 nucleotides long, excluding the cap structure. The genome organization deduced from the sequence confirms previous results of in vitro translation. A novel open(More)
The 3'-terminal tRNA-like structure in turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) RNA can be adenylated by tRNA nucleotidyltransferase and subsequently aminoacylated by valyl-tRNA synthetase. Here we present evidence that TYMV Val-RNA can form a stable complex with eukaryotic wheat germ elongation factor EF-1alpha and GTP: the Val-RNA is protected by EF-1alpha.. GTP(More)
The 3'-end of the RNA genome of turnip yellow mosaic virus can form a pseudoknotted tRNA-like structure that can be recognized by several tRNA-specific enzymes. We have found that the catalytic RNA component of Bacillus subtilis RNase P can cleave this structure in unusually low ionic strength buffers at a site analogous to the 5'-end of an aminoacyl stem(More)
The proteins synthesized under the direction of alfalfa mosaic virus RNAS in tobacco leaves have been examined under conditions of suppressed host protein synthesis. Besides the coat protein we could detect a 22K (K = apparent molecular weight in thousands), a 35K, and a set of 54K proteins. The 22K protein is serologically related to the coat protein. The(More)