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We investigated the pattern of down-regulation of cytokine production in endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) tolerance. A 4-day treatment with LPS (35 micrograms per mouse) was followed by a challenge on day 6 with one more injection of LPS. Circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) could not be induced (> 99% inhibition) by LPS in(More)
We have studied the effect of Ambroxol on the production of Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) in human mononuclear cells (MNC). For this purpose MNC were cultured for 24 h in the presence of endotoxin and different doses of Ambroxol. The results indicate that Ambroxol markedly inhibited IL-1 and TNF production at doses of 10-100 microgram(More)
Seven patients with advanced epithelial carcinoma and ascites, relapsing after two or more regimens of standard chemotherapy, have been treated with recombinant gamma-interferon (rIFN-gamma) i.p., via a permanent catheter. rIFN-gamma (Immuneron; Biogen; 0.5 mg = 10(7) IU in 2 liters of saline) was administered 3 times a week, on alternate weeks, for a total(More)
Different molecular species of interleukin 1 (IL 1) were examined for the spectrum of responses elicited in human endothelial cells (HEC), including synthesis of prostacyclin (PGI2), tissue-type procoagulant activity (PCA), platelet activating factor (PAF), and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PA-I). The IL 1 preparations utilized for the present study(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of membrane proteoglycans (MPG) from Klebsiella pneumoniae on the function of human natural killer (NK) cells. MPG combined with bacterial ribosomes from Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Haemophilus influenzae, constitute a bacterial immunomodulator (MS D(More)
A morphological study has been undertaken on the capillaries of 9 microprolactinomas and 9 macroprolactinomas, surgically removed from untreated patients. The study was carried out utilizing light and electron microscopic techniques and electron microscopic morphometry. The frequency of the capillaries and their structural appearance were taken into(More)
The Authors examined interleukin 1 (IL-1) secretion from the peripheral and medullary mononuclear cells, obtained with sequential separation on Ficoll-Hypaque and 45% Percoll gradient, in 6 pagetic subjects and 6 normal controls. Both peripheral and medullary cells from pagetic subjects showed a significantly greater IL-1 production after stimulation with(More)
Our study was designed to investigate the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 in tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) isolated from ascites (18 cases) or solid (7 cases) human ovarian carcinoma. These are pleiotropic monokines which, in addition to affecting proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes, act on various targets, including vascular(More)
The continuous muscle cell line BC3-H1, which expresses nicotinic Acetylcholine receptors (AChR) at the cell surface, was used to study the effect of lysosomotropic drugs on AChR degradation both in the normal condition and after stimulation induced by treatment with anti-AChR antibodies. We found that ammonium chloride, methylamine, and bacitracin(More)
An analysis was made of ultrastructural changes in capillary endothelial cells in experimentally induced angiogenesis and in a human pathological situation known to involve increased angiogenesis. Chick chorioalloantoic membrane (CAM) showing a positive angiogenic response to low-molecular weight angiogenesis factor isolated from rat Walker sarcoma or from(More)