A-L Brownell

Learn More
The metabolic activation resulting from direct dopaminergic stimulation can be detected using auto-radiography, positron emission tomography (PET) or, potentially, fMRI techniques. To establish the validity of the latter possibility, we have performed a number of experiments. We measured the regional selectivity of two different dopaminergic ligands: the(More)
We demonstrate the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detection of neurotransmitter stimulation using the dopamine transporter ligands amphetamine and CFT (2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane) as pharmacological challenges. We demonstrate that the unilateral loss of a hemodynamic response to either amphetamine or CFT challenge by(More)
We investigated the microglial response to progressive dopamine neuron degeneration using in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and postmortem analyses in a Parkinson's disease (PD) rat model induced by unilateral (right side) intrastriatal administration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Degeneration of the dopamine system was monitored by PET(More)
Monkeys were treated on two regimens of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) injections to achieve dopamine fiber degeneration of differing severities. A rapid treatment regimen produced a severe parkinsonian syndrome, whereas an intermittent regimen did not cause locomotor symptoms to appear up to 25 weeks. High resolution PET scanning of(More)
We used brain imaging to study long-term neurodegenerative and bioadaptive neurochemical changes in a primate model of Parkinson disease. We gradually induced a selective loss of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons, similar to that of Parkinson disease, by creating oxidative stress through infusion of the mitochondrial complex 1 inhibitor MPTP for 14+/-5 months.(More)
We studied the time course of dopamine (DA) terminal loss in three macaca fascicularis injected with MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) intravenously every 10-14 days for up to 389 days. Striatal DA terminal loss was monitored in vivo by positron emission tomography using 11C-CFT (WIN 35,428), a cocaine derivative that labels the DA(More)
Brain perfusion was studied in 14 patients with acute encephalitis by use of 123I-iodoamphetamine or 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), the first examination being made 4-11 days after onset of encephalitis symptoms. All 6 patients with herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) had strongly increased(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) and carbon-11-labeled 2B-carbomethoxy-3B-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (11C-CFT or 11-WIN 35,428) were used as molecular markers for striatal presynaptic dopamine (DA) transporters in a unilateral Parkinson's disease rat neurotransplantation model. In the lesioned striatum, the binding ratio measured by the DA presynaptic marker(More)
Optimal delivery of immunologically active cells to target tissue(s) is important for improving adoptive immunotherapy of neoplastic diseases. By using positron emission tomography, we have measured the systemic distribution and tumor localization of locally injected, activated natural killer (NK) cells or nonactivated lymphocytes in the FSaII fibrosarcoma(More)
It is now accepted that (-)-cocaine binds to specific recognition sites associated with monoamine transporters in the mammalian brain. In this study, several analogs of 3 beta-phenyltropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester were prepared and their potency for inhibiting the binding of [3H]-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester(More)